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Physiological aspects of physical education classes with first graders who have cardiovascular system disease
The analysis of the physiological aspects of conducting physical education classes with first graders who have cardiovascular disease is given. The research urgency is caused by the fact that recently the rate of child disability in Russia has doubled. Prevalent disabilities associated with cardiovascular diseases and their manifestations. The data analysis of morbidity and disability of children in Voronezh Region over the past five years is given, one could argue about the increase in the number of first-graders, divided in consequence to the special medical group and their reduction to the core. According to the Health Department of the Voronezh Region the highest prevalence of pathologies of the cardiovascular system in children of 7–8 years are cardiomyopathy and myocarditis various, as well as dysregulation of vascular tone, occurring in the form of neuro-circulatory dystonia. On average, pupils in the first grades of secondary institutions observed pathology of the cardiovascular system at 23.4 % of cases.We have developed a technique of physical training of correctional orientation for first graders having pathology of the cardiovascular system, including developing, gymnastic and breathing exercises that are adapted to individualisierung and dosing of the training load. The developed program allows to improve the process of physical education at physical culture lessons with first graders who have cardiovascular system disease.
cardiovascular disease; schoolchildren; physical education
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Section of issue
Theory and methods of physical training teaching
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