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County and district executive committees in Tambov province in 1917

Annotation

The article is devoted to understanding the important subjects, nature and characteristics of the development of the revolutionary process in the Tambov province. The article examines the features of the formation and functioning of the executive committees of the public in the Tambov province. These were new local governments, which were formed in the early months of the 1917 revolution. In their structure had extensive democratic elements, they do not adhere to any third-party programs and political movements. Despite this, the Committee shall make a significant impact on the social life of the province, enjoyed the support of the local population. Formation of Committees "below" on a coalition basis allows a broader look at the problem of power in the period of peaceful development of the revolution. The author describes in detail the size, composition, characteristics of the county and township committees in 1917, particularly the struggle for power within the committee in the spring and summer of 1917. Particular attention is paid to the relationship of the local population to create, spontaneous formation, the gradual extinction of the public interest in the activities of the committees. Research sources materials were stored in the Russian State Historical Archive, the State Archive of the Tambov region, newspaper publishing in 1917.

Keywords

public executive committees, revolution of 1917, power, government, political struggle

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UDC

94(47).084.3

Pages

267-271

References

1. RGIA (Rossiyskiy gosudarstvennyy istoricheskiy arkhiv). F. 797. Op. 96. Ed. khr. 295. 2. Reyman M. Zametki po 1917 g. // Rossiya v XX v.: Sud'by istoricheskoy nauki. M., 1996. 3. Florinsky M. The End of the Russian Empire. New Haven, 1931. 4. Tambovskiy zemskiy vestnik. 1917. 21 marta. 5. Na putyakh k Oktyabryu. URL: http://temnikov-city.ru/index/0-25 (data obrashcheniya: 13.08.2014). 6. 1917–1918. Khronika revolyutsionnykh sobytiy Tambovskoy gubernii / sost. P. Kroshitskiy, S. Sokolov. Tambov, 1927. 7. Tambovskiy zemskiy vestnik. 1917. 12 marta. 8. Tambovskiy zemskiy vestnik. 1917. 18 marta. 9. Tambovskiy zemskiy vestnik. 1917. 21 marta. 10. Gerasimenko G.A. Pervyy akt narodovlastiya Rossii: Obshchestvennye ispolnitel'nye komitety (1917 g.). M., 1992. 11. Tambovskiy zemskiy vestnik. 1917. 25 marta. 12. GATO (Gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Tambovskoy oblasti). F. 1058. Op. 1. 13. Tambovskiy zemskiy vestnik. 1917. 9 marta. 14. Borisoglebskoe ekho. Gazeta mestnoy i oblastnoy zhizni. 1917. 8 marta. 15. Tambovskaya entsiklopediya / gl. nauch. red. L.G. Protasov. Tambov, 2004.

Received

2014-10-02

Section of issue

Link of time: history of societies and civilizations

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