Menu: Home :: go to Journal :: switch to Russian :: switch to English
You are here: all Journals and Issues→ Journal→ Issue→ Article

Material support for poor clergy, widows and orphans in the second half of the 19th – early 20th century (based on the materials of the Central Black Earth eparchies)

Annotation

In the post-reform period of Russian history, the material security of the parish clergy was one of the most discussed problem. Clergymen and prominent public figures noted that standard of living of the clergy had to be improved. Donations for private services were unstable and led to conflicts between clergymen and believers. But despite difficulties in material security of regular clergymen, the provision of poor priests and deacons was even worse. Dismissed for health reasons or old age clerics had no sources of income as well as widows and orphans. They could hope either for the help of their relatives, or for the activity of diocese charity organizations. On the basis of archival and published sources we analyze contribution of the Central Black Earth eparchies charity organizations to improvement of material security of the clergy in the second half of the 19th – early 20th century. We come to a conclusion that eparchial charity organizations did not have sufficient material resources to help poor clerics, widows and orphans. However, the clergy, because of their poverty, were happy to receive even the smallest donations.

Keywords

Orthodox Church; Russian empire; eparchies of the Central Black Earth; parish clergy; material security of parish clergymen; eparchial charity organizations

Full-text in one file

Download

DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2018-23-177-151-158

UDC

94+271.2(470.324)

Pages

151-158

References

1. Ikonnikov S.А. Rol' zemlevladeniya v material'nom obespechenii prikhodskogo dukhovenstva Voronezhskoy eparkhii vo vtoroy polovine XIX – nachale XX veka [The role of land ownership in the material support of the parish clergy of the Voronezh Eparchy in the second half of the 19th – early 20th century]. Materialy nauchnoy i uchebno-metodicheskoy konferentsii professorsko-prepodavatel'skogo sostava, nauchnykh sotrudnikov i aspirantov VGАU [Proceedings of Scientific and Educational and Methodic Conference of the Academic Staff, Scientific Workers and Post-Graduate Students of Voronezh State Agricultural University]. Voronezh, 2014, pp. 130-133. (In Russian). 2. Ershev V., archpriest. Zapiska ob otkrytii i sostoyanii Kurskogo priyuta devits i vdov dukhovnogo zvaniya, s 9 oktyabrya 1866 goda po noyabr’ mesyats 1870 goda [Note about opening and condition of Kursk asylum for clergy maidens and widows since October, 9, 1866 to November 1870]. Kurskiye eparkhial’nyye vedomosti [Kursk Eparchial Journal], 1871, no. 6. (In Russian). 3. Аndreev G.V. Deyatel'nost' eparkhial'nykh popechitel'stv o bednykh dukhovnogo zvaniya v period s 1894–1917 gody [The work of the eparchial care of the poor clergy in 1894–1917]. Sovremennaya nauka: aktual'nye problemy teorii i praktiki. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki – Modern Science: Actual Problems of Theory and Practice. Series of “Humanities”, 2016, no. 8, pp. 7-11. (In Russian). 4. Begovatov D.A. Gorodskoe pravoslavnoe dukhovenstvo Tverskoy eparhii v pervoy polovine XIX veka: professionalnaya deyatelnost i povsednevnaya zhizn [City Orthodox Clergy of the Tver Eparchy in the First Half of the 19th Century: Professional Activity and Everyday Life]. Tver, SFK-office Publ., 2017, 312 p. (In Russian). 5. Belonogova Y.I. Material'noe obespechenie zashtatnogo dukhovenstva Moskovskoy eparkhii v kontse XIX – XX v. [Material Support for the Supernumerary Clergy of the Moscow Eparchy in the late 19th – 20th century]. Materialy Ezhegodnoy bogoslovskoy konferentsii pravoslavnogo Svyato-Tikhonovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta [Proceedings of Annual Theological Conference of the Saint Tikhon’s Orthodox University]. Moscow, 2016, pp. 186-188. (In Russian). 6. Evdokimova А.N. Zakonodatel'noe regulirovanie deyatel'nosti eparkhial'nykh popechitel'stv Rossiyskoy imperii vo vtoroy polovine XIX veka [Legislative regulation of the activity of the Russian eparchial trusteeship in the second half of the 19th century]. Sbornik trudov Vserossiyskoy nauchnoy konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem «Problemy prosveshheniya, istorii i kul'tury skvoz' prizmu ehtnicheskogo mnogoobraziya Rossii (k 170-letiyu chuvashskogo prosvetitelya I.Y. Yakovleva)» [Proceedings of All-Russian Scientific Conference with International Participation “Problems of Enlightenment, History and Culture Through Ethnical Diversity of Russia (To the 170 Anniversary of Chuvash Educator I.Y. Yakovlev)”]. Cheboksary, 2018, pp. 265-268. (In Russian). 7. Lisitsina O.L. Sotsial'naya pomoshch' Tul'skogo eparkhial'nogo popechitel'stva o prizrenii bednykh dukhovnogo zvaniya pravoslavnogo ispovedaniya (1824–1899 gg.) [Social care for the poor clergy of the Tula eparchial charity organization (1824–1899]. Izvestiya Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Gumanitarnye nauki – News of the Tula State University. Humanitarian Sciences, 2010, no. 1, pp. 91-102. (In Russian). 8. Uspenskiy T., priest. Nashi siroty [Our orphans]. Orlovskiye eparkhial’nye vedomosti [Oryol Eparchial Journal], 1907, no. 11, pp. 246-249. (In Russian). 9. Ivanov V., priest. Odin iz nasushchnykh voprosov v zhizni eparkhial’nogo dukhovenstva [One of the essential issue in the life of eparchial clergy]. Orlovskiye eparkhial’nyye vedomosti [Oryol Eparchial Journal], 1904, no. 39. (In Russian). 10. Ikonnikov S.А. Problema pensionnogo obespecheniya prikhodskogo dukhovenstva voronezhskoy eparkhii vo vtoroy polovine XIX veka [The problem of pension provision for the parish clergy of the Voronezh Eparchy in the second half of the 19th century]. Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo agrarnogo universiteta – Vestnik of Voronezh State Agrarian University, 2014, no. 1-2, pp. 353-358. (In Russian).

Received

14.06.2018

Section of issue

National history

Для корректной работы сайта используйте один из современных браузеров. Например, Firefox 55, Chrome 60 или более новые.