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B.P. Mansurov and the creation of the Russian Palestine (1857–1864)

Annotation

We analyze the personal involvement of Boris Pavlovich Mansurov in the history of the Russian presence in the Holy Land. We show that as part of his work, he proposed not only an ideological, but also an economic concept of the Russian presence of Palestine. We reveal that the implementation of the “Palestinian project” was seen by him through the execution of a broad preparatory program for the relevant infrastructure construction, the organization of a steamship communication with Palestine, and the consular support of pilgrims. Through the study of business trips to Palestine, we consider the circumstances of the technical documentation creation for the construction of Russian infrastructure, the purchase of land, and the organization of pilgrimage. We analyze the popularization activities of B.P. Mansurov to draw attention to Palestine among the higher authorities. We also reveal the circumstances of the Palestinian Committee creation, its importance for the creation of the Russian infrastructure in Palestine. As part of the first stages analysis of the Palestinian Committee’s work, we consider the question of the relations between B.P. Mansurov and the Head of the Russian Orthodox Ecclesiastical Mission in Jerusalem, Bishop of Melitopol, Cyril (Naumov). In addition to the work done by B.P. Mansurov in 1857–1864 we note the large role of personal initiative and its efficiency for the development of the main provisions of the “Palestinian project”. We reveal that as a result of his active work, the prestige of Russia in the Middle East was not only preserved, but also multiplied. The achieved success became the basis for the development of Russian Jerusalem in the future.

Keywords

Russian Orthodox Church; B.P. Mansurov; Palestine; pilgrims; Palestinian Committee

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2019-24-183-252-258

UDC

93/94

Pages

252-258

References

1. Ermakova Z.P. Predannyy Svyatoy Zemle rabotnik [Dedicated to Holy Land worker]. Moskovskiy zhurnal. Istoriya gosudarstva rossiyskogo [Moscow Journal. History of the State of Russia], 2012, no. 4, pp. 56-65. (In Russian). 2. Kunavin K.S. Kar’yera B.P. Mansurova kak primer vzaimootnosheniy «pravitel’stvo-chinovnichestvo» vo vtoroy polovine XIX veka [B.P. Mansurov’s career as an example of “government-officialdom” relations in the second half of XIX century]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki – Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities, 2016, vol. 21, no. 5-6 (157-158), pp. 150-155. DOI: 10.20310/1810-0201-2016-21-5/6(157/158)-150-155. (In Russian). 3. Mansurov B.P. Pis’ma B.P. Mansurova iz puteshestviya po Pravoslavnomu Vostoku v 1857 g. [B.P. Mansurov’s Letters from the Trip to Orthodox East in 1857]. Moscow, 2014, 286 p. (In Russian). 4. Vakh K.A. «Iyerusalimskiy proyekt» Rossii: B.P. Mansurov i Russkiye postroyki [“Jerusalem project” of Russia: B.P. Mansurov and Russian Buildings]. Materialy konferentsii «Velikiy knyaz’ Konstantin Nikolayevich i Russkiy Iyerusalim: k 150-letiyu osnovaniya» [Proceedings of the Conference “Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich and Russian Jerusalem: to the 150th Anniversary of Foundation”]. Moscow, 2012, pp. 21-37. (In Russian). 5. Mansurov B.P. Al’manakh sovremennykh russkikh gosudarstvennykh deyateley [Almanac of Modern Russian Statesmen]. St. Petersburg, 1897, pp. 50-51. (In Russian). 6. Dmitriyevskiy A.A. Pamyati B.P. Mansurova [In the memory of B.P. Mansurov]. Soobshcheniya Imperatorskogo Pravoslavnogo Palestinskogo Obshchestva [Notes of Imperial Orthodox Palestine Society], 1910, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 446-457. (In Russian). 7. Mansurov B.P. Pravoslavnyye poklonniki v Palestine [Orthodox Worshipers in Palestine]. St. Petersburg, 1858, 106 p. (In Russian). 8. Vakh K.A. Velikiy knyaz’ Konstantin Nikolayevich i russkoye palomnichestvo v Svyatuyu Zemlyu: k 150-letiyu osnovaniya Russkoy palestiny 1860–1864 [Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich and Russian Pilgrimage to the Holy Land: to the 150th Anniversary of Foundation of Russian Palestine 1860–1864]. Moscow, 2011, 62 p. (In Russian). 9. Dmitriyevskiy A.A. Imperatorskoye Pravoslavnoye Palestinskoye Obshchestvo i ego deyatel’nost’ za istekshchyu chetvert’ veka 1882–1907 [Imperial Orthodox Palestinian Society and its Activities over the past Quarter Century 1882–1907]. Moscow, 2008, 448 p. (In Russian). 10. Lisovoy N.N. Russkoye dukhovnoye i politicheskoye prisutstviye v Svyatoy Zemle i na Blizhnem Vostoke v 19 – nachale 20 v. [Russian Spiritual and Political Presence in the Holy Land and the Middle East in the 19th – early 20th Centuries]. Moscow, 2006, 512 p. (In Russian).

Received

2019-06-06

Section of issue

Foreign countries’ history

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