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Factors of preschoolers social experience formation

Annotation

We provide a detailed analysis of the factors of preschoolers social experience formation: internal and external. The analysis of internal factors contains information on the psychophysical characteristics of preschool children: a characteristic of attention, memory, imagination, thinking of a given age children is given, the role of speech as a system-forming tool regulating the child’s mental processes is revealed. The analysis of external factors is based on a model that assumes the division of social development into four spheres: family, adults, peers, self-image. At the same time, self-image is considered as the result of the intersecting effect of three other spheres. Each of these areas is considered separately, taking into account the specifics of modern social trends and taking into account the nature of the organization of the modern preschool educational process. We give the characteristics of family relationships, the role of the adult world as a basic source of social standards for children is analyzed. When considering peers as one of the areas of social development of preschool children, special attention is given to the presence of children with disabilities among them. We point out the special role of relationships between children and peers with special educational needs, and these relationships are described as one of the meaning-forming foundations of preschool children’s formative social experience.

Keywords

preschoolers social experience; external and internal factors; spheres of social development; age and psychological features

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2019-25-185-130-139

UDC

37.032+316.47

Pages

130-139

References

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Received

2019-11-14

Section of issue

Pedagogy of preschool and school education

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