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Approaches to the study of the Russian as a native language in primary school


This study is a logical continuation of the work “On the formation of value attitude to the Russian language study at school”, which addressed the issues of language learning in three aspects: as a state, as a native and as a foreign language. In July 2018, Russia adopted the law “On the study of native languages” for the first time. Along with other national languages, for the first time Russian was considered not only as a state language, but also as a national language, requiring special attention and study. In this regard, we raise the problem of the choice of scientific approaches to the native Russian language study at the first stage of education. We study the course of “native Russian language”, define its goals and objectives and propose a list of scientific and methodological approaches to its teaching. We offer the native Russian language study from the position of four scientific aspects: axiological, communicative-activity, linguocultural and hermeneutic. The essence of each presented approaches is analyzed from the standpoint of the degree of study, development, expediency of use in primary school in theory and practice. We connect the conclusions about the success of applying the presented approaches to the native Russian language study, first of all, with the teachers, who should be an example of real knowledge of the Russian language, love for it, recognize and appreciate the richness of the native culture. We note that the introduction of additional hours of the Russian language is not intended to level the gaps in the students’ knowledge of basic course of the Russian language. Native language study should contribute to the formation of students’ perception of themselves as part of Russian culture, to form a valuable attitude not only to the language, but also to its study.


native Russian language; native language study; approaches to the Russian language study

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1. Deykina A.D. Dukhovno-nravstvennoye razvitiye uchashchikhsya sredstvami russkogo yazyka [Spiritual and moral development of students by means of the Russian language]. Materialy Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii «Realizatsiya sovremennykh podkhodov k prepodavaniyu russkogo yazyka s uchetom traditsiy otechestvennoy metodiki» [Proceedings of the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference “The Implementation of Modern Approaches Russian Language Teaching, Taking into Account the Traditions of the Domestic Methods”]. Moscow, Yaroslavl, 2008, p. 11. (In Russian). 2. Volkova T.N., Smirnova T.Y. Vospitaniye tsennostnogo otnosheniya shkol’nikov k russkomu yazyku v protsesse formirovaniya ikh kul’turologicheskoy kompetentnosti [The development of value estimating attitude of students towards the Russian language in the process of the formation of cultural competence]. Yaroslavskiy pedagogicheskiy vestnik – Yaroslavl Pedagogical Bulletin, 2010, no. 2, pp. 75-77. (In Russian). 3. Sagaydachnaya V.V. Kul’turno-antropologicheskiy podkhod k proyektirovaniyu soderzhaniya shkol’nogo estestvennonauchnogo obrazovaniya [Cultural and anthropological approach to designing the content of school natural sciences education]. Pedagogika i psikhologiya, teoriya i metodika obucheniya [Pedagogy and Psychology, Theory and Methods of Teaching], 2008, no. 72 (2), pp. 166-169. (In Russian). 4. Shemeneva N.S. Germenevticheskiy podkhod na urokakh russkogo yazyka [Hermeneutic approach on Russian language lessons]. Eksperiment i innovatsii v shkole [Experiment and Innovation at School], 2011, no. 4, pp. 34-37. (In Russian). 5. Pervova G.M. Kompleksnyy analiz teksta [Comprehensive Text Analysis]. Tambov, TSU named after G.R. Derzhavin Publ., 2013, 150 p. (In Russian). 6. Kulayeva G.M. Otnosheniye k rodnomu yazyku kak tsennostnyy oriyentir i lichnostnyy rezul’tat izucheniya russkogo yazyka v sovremennoy shkole [Attitude to native language as individual value system and result of learning Russian in modern school]. Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta – Vestnik of Orenburg State Pedagogical University, 2013, no. 1 (5), pp. 105-110. (In Russian).



Section of issue

Pedagogy of preschool and school education

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