Menu: Home :: go to Journal :: switch to Russian :: switch to English
You are here: all Journals and Issues→ Journal→ Issue→ Article

Special subject and objective side peculiarities in the corpus delicti of non-assistance to patient, which caused by negligence the death or serious harm to health infliction


The importance of the presented topic is explained by the high social risk expressed in the occurrence of medical negligence’s adverse consequences, especially when it entails serious harm to the patient’s health or his death. The aim is to establish the revealing proper crime subject peculiarities of non-assistance to patient, which caused by negligence the death or serious harm to health infliction and the causal link between his act and the adverse consequences. The study of the signs of a special subject in the considered corpus delicti, objective side’s conditions and containment identification, as well as the criminal cases consideration practice analysis and the criminal record status under part 2 of article 124 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation are defined as tasks. The empirical basis is provided by statistical data on the criminal record for the studied crime, as well as judicial practice materials, in which the author conducted a content analysis. According to the research results it is noted that the key criterion distinguishing the crimes committed under part 2 of article 124 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation from crimes under part 2 of article 109 and part 2 of article 118 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation is professional-destructive (bona fide) medical defect expressed in the criminal legislation as special subject omission without valid reasons.


medical worker, criminal iatrogenesis, medical non-assistance, inflicting death or serious harm, special subject, material corpus delicti

Full-text in one file









1. Shchetinina N.V. (2019). Failure to provide assistance to the sick: criminal legal characteristics and qualification issues. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii = Bulletin of St. Petersburg University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, no. 1 (81), pp. 143-149 (In Russ.) 2. Korobeyev A.I. (2007). Withholding help to a sick person. Kriminologicheskii zhurnal Baikal’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta ekonomiki i prava [Criminology Journal of Baikal State University of Economics and Law], no. 1-2, pp. 35-39 (In Russ.) 3. Radov V.V. (2021). Differentiation of iatrogenic crimes, prohibited by articles 109 and 124 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Zakon i pravo = Legal and Law, no. 7, pp. 128-130. (In Russ.), 4. Piskun A.I. (2013). Responsibility for the failure to render assistance to a sick person in the foreign law. Probely v rossiiskom zakonodatel’stve = Gaps in Russian Legislation, no. 1, pp. 147-150 (In Russ.) 5. Ivannikova E.P. (2016). The problem criminal liability for failure to assist patients in the Russian and foreign legislation. Izvestiya Tul’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ekonomicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki = News of the Tula State University. Economic and Legal Sciences, no. 1-2, pp. 170-176 (In Russ.) 6. Andreev S.A. (2012). Special subject of the crime. Vestnik Omskoi yuridicheskoi akademii [Bulletin of the Omsk Law Academy], no. 2 (19), pp. 122-125. (In Russ.) 7. Lyubavina M.A. (2014). Sub”ekt prestupleniya [The Subject of Crime]. St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg Law Institute (branch) of the of the General Prosecutor’s Academy of the Russian Federation Publ., 62 p. (In Russ.) 8. Ivanov V.D., Bokhan A.P. (2015). Causality in a crime (on the example of article 264 of the Russian Criminal Code). Filosofiya prava = Philosophy of Law, no. 3 (70), pp. 92-96. (In Russ.) 9. Khromov E.V., Kafiatulina A.V. (2023). Ugolovnaya otvetstvennost’ za smert’ patsienta (potrebitelya uslug meditsinskogo kharaktera) [Criminal Liability for the Death of a Patient (Consumer of Medical Services)]. Special for GARANT system. (In Russ.) 10. Nagornaya I.I. (2023). Failure to provide medical care: the difficulties of qualification (article 124 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation). Ugolovnoe pravo [Criminal Law], no. 6 (154), pp. 51-61. (In Russ.), 11. Oreshkina T.Yu. (2003). Ugolovno-pravovoe znachenie nepreodolimoi sily [Criminal law significance of force majeure]. Ugolovnoe pravo [Criminal Law], no. 2, pp. 57-59. (In Russ.) 12. Naumov A.V. (2004). Rossiiskoe ugolovnoe pravo: v 2 t. [Russian Criminal Law: in 2 vols.]. Moscow, Legal Literature Publ., vol. 1, 743 p. (In Russ.) 13. Amelina A.S. (2018). Valid excuses for failure to provide health care as pp ground for indemnity against criminal liability. Meditsinskoe pravo [Medical Law], no. 1, рр. 27-29. (In Russ.) 14. Ivshin I.V. (2005). Sudebno-meditsinskie aspekty professional’nykh prestuplenii meditsinskikh rabotnikov protiv zhizni i zdorov’ya: avtoref. dis. ... kand. yurid. nauk [Forensic and Medical Aspects of Professional Crimes Against Life and Health of Medical Workers. PhD (Law) diss. abstr.]. Moscow, 26 p. (In Russ.) 15. Chuchaev A.I. (ed.). (2013). Kommentarii k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Commentary to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation]. Moscow, Contract Publ., 604 p. (In Russ.) 16. Romanov A.K. (2016). Classification of crimes committed through omission. Zakonnost’ [Legality], no. 5 (979), pp. 38-41. (In Russ.)



Section of issue

Substantive law

Для корректной работы сайта используйте один из современных браузеров. Например, Firefox 55, Chrome 60 или более новые.