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Law enforcement trends at the stage of initiating a criminal case (empirical analysis)

Annotation

The study object is the criminal procedure activities main directions of the preliminary investigation bodies at the stage of initiating a criminal case. The study is built in an inductive order (from facts to conclusions) and is aimed at solving a key research task – to identify objective trends in law enforcement at this criminal process stage. The main empirical basis of the study was the data of federal and departmental statistical observations on the number of incoming reports of crimes, the results of their verification, the stability of procedural decisions to refuse and initiate criminal proceedings, the effectiveness of prosecutorial supervision, departmental (procedural) and judicial control over the validity and legality of these decisions. Along with certain problems, a generally positive dynamics of law enforcement at the stage of initiating a criminal case has been established. The thesis of a number of scientists about the alleged inefficiency of the existing procedural mechanisms for checking reports of a crime and the need to abandon the institute of initiating a criminal case is refuted.

Keywords

empirical studies of law, a crime reporting, initiation of a criminal case, quality of criminal procedure activity

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DOI

10.20310/2587-9340-2023-7-3-441-449

UDC

343.13

Pages

441-449

References

1. Gavrilov B.Ya. (2022). Aktual’nye problemy ugolovnogo sudoproizvodstva: zakonodatel’stvo, nauka i praktika [Current issues of criminal proceedings: legislation, science and practice]. Sbornik materialov 7 Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii «Ugolovnyi protsess i kriminalistika: teoriya, praktika, didaktika» [Proceedings of the 7th All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference “Criminal Procedure and Criminalistics: Theory, Practice, Didactics”]. Ryazan, The Academy of the FPS of Russia Publ., pp. 76-83. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/miaknc 2. Logunov O.V., Umnov S.P., Kutuev E.K. (2018). The stage of initiation criminal proceedings: for and against. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii = Bulletin of St. Petersburg University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, no. 3 (79), pp. 88-93. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/ypdapb 3. Gavrilov B.Ya. (2019). Sovremennoe dosudebnoe proizvodstvo: videnie uchenogo i praktika [Modern pre-trial proceedings: the vision of a scientist and practice]. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii «Aktual’nye voprosy proizvodstva predvaritel’nogo sledstviya: teoriya i praktika» [Proceedings of the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference “Actual Issues of the Preliminary Investigation: Theory and Practice”]. Moscow, Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russian Federation named after V.Ya. Kikot Publ., pp. 68-76. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/whzzjg 4. Holtermann J., Madsen M. (2015). European new legal realism and international law: how to make international law intelligible. Leiden Journal of International Law, vol. 28, issue 2, pp. 211-230. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0922156515000047 5. Epstein L., Martin A.D. (2014). An Introduction to Empirical Legal Research. New York, Oxford University Press, 352 p. 6. Bastrykin A.I. (ed.). (2016). Sledstvennye oshibki [Investigative Mistakes]. Moscow, UNITY Publ., 157 p. (In Russ.) 7. Bagmet A.M (ed.). (2019). Novye sledstvennye oshibki [New Investigative Mistakes]. Moscow, UNITY Publ., 302 p. (In Russ.) 8. Tsvetkov Yu.A. (ed.). (2021). Noveishie sledstvennye oshibki [Newest Investigative Mistakes]. Moscow, UNITY Publ., 415 p. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/ryddae 9. Tsvetkov Yu.A. (2018). Psychology of making managerial decisions in investigative bodies in a situation of ethical uncertainty. Yuridicheskaya psikhologiya [Legal Psychology], no. 1, pp. 3-6. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/ysuxeg 10. Tsvetkov Yu.A. (2016). How the CCP was hacked. Ugolovnyi protsess = Criminal Procedure, no. 7 (139), p. 11. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/wcnztd

Received

2023-04-14

Section of issue

Procedural law

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