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Sanitary condition and improvement of the city of Cherepovets in the 1920s

Annotation

We pay attention to the relevant and poorly studied topic of sanitary condition and improvement problems of the small Russian city in the first decade of Soviet regime. The aim of the study is to identify the changes that have occurred in the sanitary condition of the provincial city under the influence of modernization processes. In this case, the sanitary condition is considered as a set of indicators characterizing technologies and practices of water supply and waste disposal, condition and pollution of city streets, squares, yards and reservoirs. The analysis of the sanitary state and the degree of well-being of the dynamically developing governorate city with a population of just over 18 thousand people allowed filling the gap of the urban environment daily history of the early Soviet period and identifying the key factors of exacerbation of sanitary problems. As a result, it was found that Cherepovets, as well as more large Soviet cities were characterized by pollution problems of the urban area and water basins, which had a significant impact on the sanitary situation. The deterioration of housing conditions and reduced material well-being compared to the previous period also had a negative impact on the sanitary situation in the city. We should note the efforts of the city authorities and a number of representatives of the city community aimed at health education of the population and addressing issues related to the urban environment improvement.

Keywords

urban environment; sanitary condition; everyday practice; improvement; traditions; innovations

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2020-25-185-226-232

UDC

94(47).081+083:711.41:628

Pages

226-232

References

1. Rimmer E.P. Progulki po Voskresenskomu [Walks Around Voskresensky]. Cherepovets, 2009, 141 p. (In Russian). 2. Agafonova A.B. Sanitarnoye blagoustroystvo gorodov Vologodskoy i Novgorodskoy guberniy v 1870–1917 gg. [Sanitary improvement of the cities of the Vologda and Novgorod Governorates in 1870–1917]. Elementy zhizneustroystva rossiyskogo goroda vtoroy poloviny ХIХ – kontsa ХХ v.: mekhanizmy vlasti, politicheskiye i ekonomicheskiye struktury, obshchestvennyye ob”yedineniya, konfessional’naya organizatsiya, sotsial’naya, obrazovatel’naya, kul’turnaya sreda [Elements of the Living Arrangement of the Russian City of the Second Half of the 19th – Late 20th Century: Power Mechanisms, Political and Economic Structures, Public Associations, Confessional Organization, Social, Educational, Cultural Environment]. Cherepovets, 2018, pp. 125-147. (In Russian). 3. Solodyankina O.Y. Kak podderzhat’ uchashchikhsya: iz opyta blagotvoritel’nosti v sfere obrazovaniya: [na primere g. Cherepovtsa v kontse 19 – nachale 20 v.] [How to support students: from the experience of charity in the field of education: [on the example of Cherepovets in the late 19th – early 20th centuries]]. Fenomen industrial’nogo goroda v kontekste istorii [Phenomenon of an Industrial City in the Context of History]. Cherepovets, 2011, pp. 140-148. (In Russian). 4. Frolova I.V. Okazaniye pomoshchi bezhentsam v gody Pervoy mirovoy voyny v ramkakh provintsial’nogo goroda: organizatsionnyy uspekh [Assisting refugees during the First World War within a provincial city: organizational aspect]. Izvestiya Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta – Ivzestia of the Volgograd State Pedagogical University, 2018, no. 10, pp. 215-218. (In Russian). 5. Gabovich R.D. Sanitariya [Sanitation]. In: Petrovskiy B.V. (ed.). Bol’shaya meditsinskaya entsiklopediya [Large Medical Encyclopedia]. Moscow, Sovetskaya entsiklopediya Publ., 1974–1989. (In Russian). 6. Bernstiyn F. Predstavleniya o zdorov’ye v revolyutsionnoy Rossii: gendernaya politika v plakatakh po polovomu prosveshcheniyu v 1920-e gody [Perceptions of health in revolutionary Russia: gender policy in posters on sexuality education in the 1920s]. Vizual’naya antropologiya: rezhimy vidimosti pri sotsializme [Visual Anthropology: Visibility Modes under Socialism]. Moscow, 2009, pp. 218-219. (In Russian).

Received

2019-12-20

Section of issue

National history

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