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Reading support as a direction of sociocultural activity

Annotation

We consider the problem of reading support as one of the most relevant areas of sociocultural activity. The need for special measures to support reading is justified in connection with the growing trends in visualization and gamification of the cultural environment, and a decrease in interest in reading. Reading support is defined as a system of state, public and private initiatives to increase the value status of reading, stimulate reading activity, and develop the reading competence of all population groups. We analyze the Russian and foreign experience of state support for reading, including the publication of legislative acts, the adoption of special programs, and the creation of interdepartmental coordination structures. It is shown that at the state level, reading is considered in the context of functional literacy of the population as a resource for economic growth that allows citizens to actively participate in the life of the state. The history of development of public initiatives in Russia is traced – from the creation of private typographies to the activities of modern associations and foundations. Regional Reading Centers are highlighted as a special form. Conclusions are drawn about the prospects of attracting volunteers to implement projects to increase the availability of books and reading for people with disabilities. It is shown that currently reading support is becoming systematic and is implemented on the basis of social partnership of library, cultural and leisure, educational institutions and public associations.

Keywords

sociocultural activity, reading; reading support programs; functional literacy; reading centers; volunteers

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2020-25-189-125-130

UDC

028

Pages

125-130

References

1. Shcherbinina Y.V. Vremya biblioskopov: sovremennost’ v zerkale knizhnoy kul’tury [Time of Biblioscopes: Modernity in the Mirror of Book Culture]. Moscow, Forum, Neolit Publ., 2016, 416 p. (In Russian). 2. Melentyeva Y.P. Obshchaya teoriya chteniya [General Theory of Reading]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 2015, 230 p. (In Russian). 3. Kuzmin E.I., Parshakova A.V. (compilers). Natsional’naya programma podderzhki i razvitiya chteniya i metodicheskiye rekomendatsii po eye realizatsii [National Program for Support and Development of Reading and Guidelines for Its Implementation]. Moscow, Interregional Center for Library Cooperation Publ., 2009, 480 p. (In Russian). 4. Chudinova V.P., Chudinova K.O. Natsional’naya politika podderzhki chteniya podrastayushchego pokoleniya v Yaponii [National policy to support reading for the younger generation in Japan]. Podderzhka i razvitiye chteniya: tendentsii i problemy [Support and Development of Reading: Trends and Challenges]. Moscow, Interregional Center for Library Cooperation Publ., 2011, pp. 199-213. (In Russian). 5. Chudinova V.P. Chitatel’skaya gramotnost’ i podderzhka chteniya: opyt raznykh stran [Reader literacy and reading support: experience from different countries]. Universitetskaya kniga [University Book], 2017, no. 3, pp. 44-49. (In Russian). 6. Ivanova G.A. Podderzhka i razvitiye detskogo i yunosheskogo chteniya kak prioritetnoye napravleniye bibliotechnoy pedagogiki [Support and development of children's and youth reading as a priority area of library pedagogy]. Vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta kul’tury i iskusstv – The Bulletin of Moscow State University of Culture and Arts, 2017, no. 6 (80), pp. 162-167. (In Russian). 7. Stulova S.S. Populyarizatsiya i razvitiye chteniya: opyt YuNESKO [Promotion and development of reading: the experience of UNESCO]. Chitayushchiy mir i mir chteniya [Reading World and the World of Reading]. Moscow, Rudomino Publ., 2003, pp. 179-187. (In Russian). 8. Yalysheva V.V. Tsentry chteniya pri bibliotekakh: organizatsionno-metodicheskiye i issledovatel’skiye aspekty [Library reading centers: organizational, methodological, and research aspects]. Chteniye v sisteme sotsiokul’turnogo razvitiya lichnosti [Reading in the System of Sociocultural Development of the Individual]. Moscow, Russian School Library Association Publ., 2007, pp. 160-172. (In Russian).

Received

2020-09-18

Section of issue

Theory and methods of social and cultural activity organization

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