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“State”, “public” and “private” in the practice of financial support of migrants during the First World War

Annotation

We address one of the episodes of the First World War revealing the problem of financial support of the residents of frontline territories who found themselves in the inner governorates of the Russian Empire due to their voluntary flight. The refugee wave was heterogeneous, it included different categories of migrants, which led to the fact that the government aid was often distributed in an uneven manner. It caused the desire on the part of some refugees to derive maxi-mum value from the grants provided under equal conditions established by law. Additional oppor-tunities for such actions were created by a large number of organizations that provided assistance to people who had left their homes and an overlap of their functions. It resulted in the emergence of numerous conflicts and the search for compromises in the context of uneven state support, which in its turn generated discontent and disbelief in the justice of the existing measures.

Keywords

the First World War; migrants; refugees; national organizations

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2021-26-191-203-209

UDC

94 (470) «1914/1918»:314045

Pages

203-209

References

1. Ulyanova G.N. Blagotvoritel’nost’ i obshchestvennoye prizreniye v Rossii XIX – nachala XX v.: institutsional’noye razvitiye v kontekste formirovaniya grazhdanskogo obshchestva [Charity and public charity in Russia in the 19th – early 20th centuries: institutional development in the context of the formation of civil society]. Trudy Instituta rossiyskoy istorii RAN [Proceedings of the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences], 2000, no. 2, pp. 164-217. (In Russian). 2. Tsovyan D.G. Deyatel’nost’ gosudarstvennykh organov i obshchestvennykh organizatsiy po okazaniyu pomoshchi bezhentsam v gody Pervoy mirovoy voyny. 1914–1917 gg.: avtoref. dis. ... kand. ist. nauk [Activities of State Bodies and Public Organizations to Provide Assistance to Refugees During the First World War. 1914–1917. Cand. hist. sci. diss. abstr.]. Moscow, 2005, 24 p. (In Russian). 3. Mikhalev N.A., Pyankov S.A. Bezhentsy Pervoy mirovoy voyny v Rossiyskoy imperii: chislennost’, razmeshcheniye, sostav [Refugees of the First World War in the Russian Empire: number, distribution, composition]. Ural’skiy istoricheskiy vestnik – Ural Historical Journal, 2015, no. 4 (49), pp. 95-105. (In Russian). 4. Surzhikova N.V. Problema bezhentsev v konfliktakh i kompromissakh vlastey i obshchestvennosti Rossii v gody Pervoy mirovoy voyny (po materialam periodicheskoy pechati) [The problem of refugees in conflicts and compromises between the authorities and the public of Russia during the First World War (based on materials from periodicals)]. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Perm State University], 2016, no. 1 (32), pp. 122-133. (In Russian). 5. Alferova I.V. Bezhentsy Pervoy mirovoy voyny: problemy akkomodatsii (na materialakh Orlovskoy gubernii) [Refugees of the First World War: problems of accommodation (on the materials of Orel Governorate)]. Vestnik Bryanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta – The Bryansk State University Herald, 2018, no. 3 (37), pp. 9-16. DOI 10.22281/2413-9912-2018-02-03-9-16. (In Russian).

Received

2021-01-29

Section of issue

National history

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