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Activities of Bishop Porphyrius Uspensky as head of the Russian Ecclesiastical Mission in Jerusalem (1847–1853)

Annotation

We analyze the missionary activity of the Bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church Porphyrius (Konstantin Aleksandrovich Uspensky) in the territory of Palestine, which was part of the Ottoman Empire in the period under study from 1847 to 1853. Porphyrius’s preliminary exploration of these lands to justify the expediency of establishing a Russian Ecclesiastical Mission in the region, and the patronage of this idea among the authorities of the Russian Empire, including the Chancellor Count Nesselrode and Emperor Nicholas I, are shown. We consider the educational and charitable activities of Bishop Porphyrius among the local Orthodox population, including the provision of financial assistance in the creation of public schools and a theological school for the training of clergy from the local Arab population. It is noted that along with missionary work, research activities were extremely important for the bishop. As an orientalist, Porphyrius described local church folklore, collected relics and copied manuscripts, and described his observations. It is noted that his colleagues also sought to reveal to the Russian society the history and culture of the Middle East; in particular, the seminarian Solovyov made sketches of the area. The relations of the bishop with the Russian and Austrian consuls are described.

Keywords

Russian Ecclesiastical Mission, Russian Orthodox Church, Russian Palestine, Porphyrius Uspensky, Ottoman Empire

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2021-26-192-169-175

UDC

93/94

Pages

169-175

References

1. Dmitriyevskiy A.A. Episkop Porfiriy Uspenskiy kak initsiator i organizator pervoy Russkoy Dukhovnoy missii v Iyerusalime i ego zaslugi na pol’zu pravoslaviya i v dele izucheniya khristianskogo Vostoka: Po povodu stoletiya so dnya ego rozhdeniya [Bishop Porphyrius Uspensky as the Initiator and Organizer of the First Russian Ecclesiastical Mission in Jerusalem and His Services for the Benefit of Orthodoxy and in the Study of the Christian East: On the Centenary of his Birth]. St. Petersburg, Typography of V. Kirshbaum, 1906, 124 p. (In Russian). 2. Porphyrius (Uspensky), Bishop. Kniga bytiya moyego: Dnevniki i avtobiogr. zapiski ep. Porfiriya (Uspenskogo): v 8 t. [The Book of My Existence: Diaries and Autobiography. Notes of Bishop Porphyrius (Uspensky): in 8 vols.]. St. Petersburg, Typography of Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1899, vol. 3, 717 p. (In Russian). 3. Porphyrius (Uspensky), Bishop. Kniga bytiya moyego: Dnevniki i avtobiogr. zapiski ep. Porfiriya (Uspenskogo): v 8 t. [The Book of My Existence: Diaries and Autobiography. Notes of Bishop Porphyrius (Uspensky): in 8 vols.]. St. Petersburg, Typography of Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1899, vol. 4, 476 p. (In Russian). 4. Porphyrius (Uspensky), Bishop. Kniga bytiya moyego: Dnevniki i avtobiogr. zapiski ep. Porfiriya (Uspens-kogo): v 8 t. [The Book of My Existence: Diaries and Autobiography. Notes of Bishop Porphyrius (Uspensky): in 8 vols.]. St. Petersburg, Typography of Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1899, vol. 5, 535 p. (In Russian).

Received

2020-10-28

Section of issue

National history

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