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On the issues of influence of the Armenian and Georgian diasporas of Kizlyar on the economic, cultural and educational life of the city in the first half of the 19th century

Annotation

The work examines the socio-economic and cultural development of Kizlyar and the adjacent villages in the context of the national policy pursued in the city by the tsarist administration in the period 20-60s of 19th century. The main research method used in the work is the narrative method, as well as adherence to the principles of comprehensiveness and consistency of historical knowledge of the research issue. Archival materials and available literature are used as the main research base. We make an attempt, on the basis of available sources and literature, a detailed analysis of the contribution of the Armenian and Georgian diasporas to the economic and educational activities in the Kizlyar region. We show the leading role of the Armenian and Georgian merchants in the process of involving the region (a number of cities in the North-Eastern Caucasus) into the trade and economic space of the Russian Empire. The work reveals the trade and economic specialization of the city’s diasporas, which later became the basis of industrial production in Kizlyar. We also highlight the issue of educational activities of the Armenian diaspora, the emergence of the first private schools founded by the Armenian community of the city of Kizlyar. The work shows, using the example of the activities of representatives of the Armenian and Georgian diasporas, the process of civil colonization of the region – as the main method for bringing closer relations between the centre and the outskirts.

Keywords

diaspora, trade, economy, education, culture

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2021-26-192-176-184

UDC

332.33

Pages

176-184

References

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Received

2020-10-23

Section of issue

National history

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