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Variability of methods and techniques of foreign language teaching at early stage

Annotation

We present an overview of traditional and modern methods used in teaching children a foreign language at an early age. Feasibility of earlier foreign language competence development and need for training specialists with a narrow focus in foreign language teaching in the preschool education system are justified. We describe the age and psychological characteristics of younger learners. The categories of learners are characterized depending on the type of information perception: visual learners, aural learners, verbal learners, physical learners, logical learners, social learners and solitary learners. The factors motivating them to learn are substantiated, including a foreign language acquisition. The authors describe the methods and techniques that are commonly used in teaching English, such as Total Physical Response, the Natural Approach, Audiolingual Method, Communicative Method, CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning).

Keywords

methods of foreign language teaching, early development, preschool age, student motivation, foreign language competence, language skills

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2021-26-192-78-86

UDC

378.147:373.21

Pages

78-86

References

1. Prokhorova M.E. Spetsifika podgotovki prepodavateley inostrannogo yazyka dlya doshkol’nykh uchrezhdeniy [Specificity of training foreign language teachers for preschool institutions]. Materialy 10 Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy Internet-konferentsii (s mezhdunarodnym uchastiyem) «Prepodavatel’ vysshey shkoly: traditsii, problemy, perspektivy» [Proceedings of the 10th All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference (with International participation) “Higher School Teacher: Traditions, Problems, Prospects”]. Tambov, Publishing House “Derzhavinskiy”, 2019, pp. 218-224. (In Russian). 2. Halliwell S. Teaching English in Primary School. London, Longman Publ., 1992. Available at: https://ru.scribd.com/doc/202520261/Susan-Halliwell-Teaching-English-in-the-Primary-Classroom-Long-man-Handbooks-for-Language-Teachers-1992 (accessed 11.01.2021). 3. Pendergrass K. How to Teach Kids: Learn the Best Teaching Methods and Techniques. Available at: http://teaching.uncc.edu/articles-books/best-practice-articles/instructional-methods/150-teaching-methods (accessed 06.02.2020). 4. Shamis E., Nikonov E. Teoriya pokoleniy. Neobyknovennyy Iks [The Theory of Generations. Extraordinary X]. Moscow, University “Sinergiya” Publ., 2016. (In Russian). 5. Revell J., Norman S. In Your Hands; NLP in ELT. London, Safire Press, 1997. 6. Brown H.D. Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. San Francisco, San Francisco State University, Pearson Education Publ., 2006. 7. Kodzhaspirova G.M., Kodzhaspirov A.Y. Slovar’ po pedagogike [Dictionary of Pedagogy]. Moscow, Ros-tov-on-Don, Innovative Cultural Center “MarT”, Publishing Center “MarT”, 2005, 447 р. (In Russian). 8. Harmer J. The Practice of English Language Teaching. Longman, 2003, 448 p. 9. Shakirova A.A. Printsipy obucheniya inostrannomu yazyku [Principles of Foreign Language Teaching]. (In Russian). Available at: kpfu.ru›staff_files/F1101005410/VAK_2_2014.pdf (accessed 11.01.2021). 10. Larsen-Freeman D. Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching (2nd Edition). Oxford, 2000, 191 p. 11. Protasova E.Y., Rodina N.M. Metodika obucheniya doshkol’nikov inostrannomu yazyku [Methods for Teaching Preschoolers a Foreign Language]. Moscow, 2010. (In Russian).

Received

2021-02-24

Section of issue

Theory and methods of foreign language teaching

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