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General and speech development of preschool children as a basis for teaching initial reading
According to the Federal State Educational Standard, the content of the educational program of preschool education should ensure the general and speech development of preschoolers. In connection with the requirement of the named document and the data of pedagogical science, the need for the development of coherent speech, vocabulary, the grammatical side of speech, the education of the sound culture of oral speech and other aspects of the general and speech development of children in the period of preparation for school is substantiated. Referring to the works of classical and modern methodic science, the researcher correlates the process of speech development of preschool children with the development of the motivational, cognitive, emotional-volitional sphere of the personality. The named areas of speech and general development of preschool children contribute to their preparation for learning to read in elementary school. The urgent problem of ensuring the continuity of preschool and primary education in the issue of teaching preschoolers and primary schoolchildren in initial reading is posed. The possibilities of using various methods of teaching initial reading, depending on the writing system, are analyzed. Conclusions on the problem under study are associated with the development of phonemic hearing, the formation of a broad orientation of children in linguistic reality, with the skills of sound analysis and synthesis. The novelty of the research is the idea of the possibility of special training and teaching older preschoolers to initial reading based on the development of a value attitude to language and speech during preschool childhood, on the basis of psychological and pedagogical diagnostics. Arguments in favor of preschool reading teaching are associated with sufficient general and verbal development of modern children.
overall development of preschoolers, speech development of preschoolers, teaching initial reading, continuity of preschool and primary education, preparation for school
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Section of issue
Pedagogy of preschool and school education
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