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Social and demographic image of Jewish revolutionaries (based on materials from the All-Union Society of Political Prisoners and Exiled Settlers)

Annotation

The work is devoted to the study of the generalized sociographic image of the cohort of Jewish revolutionaries. The participation of Jews in the revolution is seen as an integral part of the all-Russian revolutionary process. In the course of the study, the role and place of Jews in the Russian revolutionary movement in the late 19th – early 20th centuries was clarified and concretized. Thanks to the analysis of a personalized electronic database on Jewish revolutionaries, created on the basis of materials from the All-Union Society of Political Prisoners and Exiled Settlers, the structure of social origin, level of education and type of activity of the left wing of politically active Jewry has been analyzed. The features of the political socialization of Jews, constrained by restrictive articles of Jewish legislation, are shown. We come to the conclusion that such a significant percentage of Jews in the revolutionary movement is explained both by the long-term development of the revolutionary liberation movement in the Pale of Settlement, and by the existence of numerous restrictions for representatives of the Jewish nationality.

Keywords

Jews, revolutionary movement, sociographic identity, Pale of Settlement, Jewish legislation

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2021-26-193-169-179

UDC

94(470)

Pages

169-179

References

1. Leontyev Y., Yunge M. (compilers). Vsesoyuznoye obshchestvo politkatorzhan i ssyl’noposelentsev. Obrazovaniye, razvitiye, likvidatsiya 1921–1935 [All-Union Society of Political Prisoners and Exiled Settlers. Education, Development, Liquidation 1921–1935]. Moscow, “Zven’ya” Publ., 2004, 398 p. (In Russian). 2. Landau P.A. Revolyutsionnyye idei v evreyskoy obshchestvennosti [Revolutionary ideas in the Jewish community]. Rossiya i Evrei [Russia and Jews]. Parizh, YMKA-Press, 1978, 107 p. (In Russian). 3. Dyachkov V.L., Protasov L.G. Politiki rossiyskoy provintsii nachala XX veka: opyt izucheniya elektronnoy bazy dannykh [Politicians of the Russian province of the early 20th century: the experience of studying an electronic database]. Politicheskiye deyateli rossiyskoy provintsii ot epokhi Nikolaya II do Stalina [Politicians of the Russian Province from the Era of Nicholas II to Stalin]. Tambov, 2013, pp. 22-42. (In Russian). 4. Dyachkov V.L., Protasov L.G. «My vse uchilis’ ponemnogu…» Obrazovatel’nyye tsenzy provintsial’nykh politikov nachala XX veka [“We all learned a little...” Educational qualifications of provincial politicians of the early 20th century]. Politicheskiye deyateli rossiyskoy provintsii ot epokhi Nikolaya II do Stalina [Politicians of the Russian Province from the Era of Nicholas II to Stalin]. Tambov, 2013, pp. 43-53. (In Russian). 5. Galant I.V. Cherta evreyskoy osedlosti [Jewish Pale of Settlement]. Moscow, 1915, 28 p. (In Russian). 6. Budnitskiy O.V. V chuzhom piru pokhmel’ye (Evrei i russkaya revolyutsiya) [Hangover in someone else's feast (Jews and the Russian revolution)]. Vestnik Evreyskogo universiteta v Moskve [Bulletin of the Jewish University in Moscow], 1996, no. 3 (13), pp. 21-39. (In Russian).

Received

2021-03-15

Section of issue

National history

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