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The Revolution of 1917 and the Civil War in the Tambov region: state and research prospects. Part 1. On the problems of conceptualization, methodology and methods of studying the history of the Civil War in the Tambov Governorate
The first part of this study examines the evolution and the current state of conceptualization and historiography of the “Antonovschina”, identifies the factors of the newest methodological and cognitive crisis in the study of the Civil War in Russia as a whole and its individual key, significant phenomena. In the second part of the study, proceeding from the principle of historicism, we propose our own conceptualization of the Civil War and the Tambov peasant uprisings as its “green” components, proceeding from the understanding of social history as a movement of a socio-natural hierarchical system that regulated the life of populations of any level. Civil War is presented as a rhythmic part of the phase of suppression of an overpopulated population by a complex of endogenous and exogenous factors of long (28-year, 112-year) natural-demographic cycles. The definitions of specific phenomena (“female attacks”, “demographic bag”, “Kotovsk case”, etc.), opened with the help of electronic databases (ED) in long continuous lines of sociographic information, are given. A method of marking the cyclic movement of different forms and channels of social aggression (activity) is proposed. The mechanism and manifestations of the work of the regulating socio-natural cycles are shown in tables and figures.
historicism, conceptualization, socio-natural hierarchy, natural-demographic cycles, social aggression, peasant anti-state protest, electronic database
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1. Dyachkov V.L. Prirodno- i sotsial’no-demograficheskiye faktory rosta krest’yanskoy agressii v pervoy treti XX v. (Tambovskiy sluchay) [Natural and socio-demographic factors of the growth of peasant aggression in the first third of the 20th century. (Tambov case)]. Istoriya i sovremennost’ [History and Modernity], 2014, issue 1 (19), pp. 128-141. (In Russian). 2. Dyachkov V.L. et al. Politicheskiye deyateli Rossiyskoy provintsii ot epokhi Nikolaya II [Political Figures of the Russian Province from the Era of Nicholas II]. Tambov, 2013, 160 p. (In Russian). 3. Dyachkov V.L. K voprosu o sotsiokul’turnom oblike rossiyskoy politicheskoy elity v 1917 godu [On the issue of the socio-cultural image of the Russian political elite in 1917]. Revolyutsiya i chelovek: sotsial’no-politicheskiy aspekt [Revolution and Man: Socio-Political Aspect]. Moscow, 1996, pp. 159-163. (In Rus-sian). 4. Dyachkov V.L. Migratsii naseleniya Possii/SSSR 1860–1930-kh gg. kak chast’ sotsioestestvennoy sistemy regulirovki populyatsiy: metodika i glavnye rezul’taty analiza [Migration in Russia/USSR, 1860–1930s as a part of social-natural population control system: methods and basic research results]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye nauki – Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities, 2016, vol. 21, no. 12 (164), pp. 121-128. https://doi.org/10.20310/1810-0201-2016-21-12(164)-121-128. (In Russian). 5. Dyachkov V.L. Migratsii naseleniya Rossii 1860-kh – 1930-kh gg. kak chast’ sotsioyestestvennoy sistemy regulirovki populyatsiy [Migration of the population of Russia in the 1860s – 1930s as part of the socio-natural system of population regulation]. Priroda i obshchestvo: tekhnologii obespecheniya prodovol’stvennoy i ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti [Nature and Society: Technologies for Ensuring Food and Environmental Safety]. Moscow, 2016, issue 40, pp. 99-102. (In Russian). 6. Dyachkov V.L. «Nashi mertvyye nas ne ostavyat v bede, nashi pavshiye – kak chasovyye…»: Knigi pamyati kak istochnik v izuchenii sotsial’noy istorii Rossii 1860–1930-kh gg. [“Those who died won’t leave us in trouble, our fallen – as senturies are standing...”: memory books as a source in learning russian social history of the 1860s–1930s]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki – Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities, 2015, no. 2 (142), pp. 120-126. (In Russian). 7. Dyachkov V.L. V poiskakh gena sotsial’noy agressii: metodika i pervyye rezul’taty issledovaniya [In search for the gene of social aggression: methodology and the first results of research]. Priroda i obshchestvo: tekhnologii obespecheniya prodovol’stvennoy i ekologicheskoy bezopasnosti (Seriya «Sotsioyestestvennaya istoriya. Genezis krizisov prirody i obshchestva v Rossii». Vyp. 40) [Nature and Society: Technologies for Ensuring Food and Environmental Security (Series “Social History. Genesis of Crises of Nature and Society in Russia”. Issue 40)]. Moscow, 2016, pp. 23-26. (In Russian). 8. Dyachkov V.L., Lyamin S.K. Sotsial’no-demograficheskiy fenomen pervykh sta let Kotovska Tambovskoy oblast [Social-demographic phenomenon of the first 100 years of Kotovsk population being of Tambov region]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye nauki – Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities, 2016, vol. 21, no. 12 (164), pp. 137-150. https://doi.org/10.20310/1810-0201-2016-21-12(164)-137-150. (In Russian). 9. Dyachkov V.L., Trofimova E.V. Russkoye narecheniye v chetyrekh vekakh sotsial’noy istorii strany [Russian Naming in Four Centuries of the Country’s Social History]. Tambov, 2011. (In Russian). 10. Dyachkov V.L. Tambovskoye imya na 380-letnem marshe – mesto v stroyu [Tambov name on the 380-year march – a place in the ranks]. Materialy 6 Vserossiyskoy nauchnoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 380-letiyu goroda Tambova «Tambov v proshlom, nastoyashchem i budushchem» [Proceedings of the 6th All-Russian Scientific Conference, Dedicated to the 380th Anniversary of City of Tambov “Tambov in the Past, Present and Future”]. Tambov, 2016, pp. 39-63. (In Russian).
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