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Participation of front-line soldiers in the pogroms of landlord estates in the Tambov Governorate in the first months of 1918

Annotation

On the basis of various materials, we describe the process of pogroming landlord estates in the Tambov Governorate in the first months of 1918, the role of front-line soldiers in this process. The collapse of the army, the withdrawal of Russia from the First World War, the weakening and collapse of the old state, the unresolved agrarian issue, pushed the peasants to solve the problem of land shortages by force. The agrarian riots of 1917, often instigated by deserters, were a very serious problem for the Provisional Government. In addition, the very phenomenon of the revolution, partly provoked by the lack of land, war and poor living conditions for servicemen, forced them to resort to violent actions. The events in the Tambov village in the first months of 1918 were a continuation of the next stage of the agrarian revolution, which began in 1917. Another surge in the pogrom movement was associated with the massive return from the front of soldiers called up from the ranks of the peasants. The “democratic organs” of the province, which remained in the leadership of the region until March 1918, tried to resist the pogroms, but did not have the strength to do so. The Bolsheviks who came to power in early 1918 could not resolutely suppress the pogroms, for they had to rely on former soldiers as allies in the struggle for Soviet power in the countryside.

Keywords

peasants, pogroms, estates, Tambov Governorate, soldiers, front-line soldiers

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2021-26-193-221-226

UDC

93/94

Pages

221-226

References

1.Morozov V.F. Bor’ba bol’shevistskoy partii za ustanovleniye Sovetskoy vlasti v guberniyakh Tsentral’noy Rossii. (Oktyabr’ 1917 g. – mart 1918 g.) [The Struggle of the Bolshevik Party for the Establishment of Soviet Power in the Governorates of Central Russia. (October 1917 – March 1918)]. Penza, 1967, 535 p. (In Russian). 2.Kroshitskiy P., Sokolov S. 1917–1918. Khronika revolyutsionnykh sobytiy Tambovskoy gubernii [1917–1918. Chronicle of Revolutionary Events in the Tambov Governorate]. Tambov, Proletarskiy svetoch Publ., 1927, 72 p. (In Russian). 3.Protasov L.G. Soldaty garnizonov Tsentral’noy Rossii v bor’be za vlast’ Sovetov [Soldiers of the Garrisons of Central Russia in the Struggle for Soviet Power]. Voronezh, Voronezh State University Publ., 1978, 196 p. (In Russian). 4.Kolchinskiy D.V. Politicheskaya kul’tura provintsial’nogo rossiyskogo obshchestva v 1917 godu (po materialam Tambovskoy gubernii): dis. … kand. ist. nauk [Political Culture of Provincial Russian Society in 1917 (based on Materials from the Tambov Governorate). Cand. hist. sci. diss.]. Tambov, 2015, 219 p. (In Russian). 5.Kanishchev V.V., Meshcheryakov Y.V. Anatomiya odnogo myatezha. Tambovskoye vosstaniye 17–19 iyunya 1918 g. [Anatomy of One Rebellion. Tambov Uprising of June 17–19, 1918]. Tambov, Derzhavin Tambov State University Publ., 1995, 295 p. (In Russian). 6.Meshcheryakov Y.V. Tambovskaya guberniya v nachal’nyy period sovetskoy vlasti. Oktyabr’ 1917 – avgust 1918 gg. [Tambov Governorate in the Initial Period of Soviet Power. October 1917 – August 1918]. Tambov, 2012, 424 p. (In Russian). 7.Danilov V., Shanin T. Krest’yanskoye dvizheniye v Tambovskoy gubernii (1917–1918): Dokumenty i materialy [Peasant Movement in the Tambov Governorate (1917–1918): Documents and Materials]. Moscow, “Russian Political Encyclopedia” (ROSSPEN) Publ., 2003, 480 p. (In Russian). 8.Seltser D.G. Krest’yanskoye dvizheniye v guberniyakh Chernozemnogo Tsentra Rossii (mart 1917 – mart 1918 gg.): dis. … kand. ist. nauk [Peasant Movement in the Governorates of the Black Earth Center of Russia (March 1917 – March 1918). Cand. hist. sci. diss.]. Tambov, 1990, 292 p. (In Russian). 9.Nikolashin V.P. Sovetskiye agrarnyye preobrazovaniya v guberniyakh Chernozemnogo tsentra 1917–1918 gg.: avtoref. dis. ... d-ra ist. nauk [Soviet Agrarian Transformations in the Governorates of the Black Earth Center 1917–1918. Dr. hist. sci. diss. abstr.]. Tambov, 2020. (In Russian).

Received

2021-01-30

Section of issue

National history

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