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The Revolution of 1917 and the Civil War in the Tambov region: state and research prospects. Part 2. On the immediate and long-term consequences of the peasant anti-state armed protest

Annotation

On continuous long lines of demographic and sociographic information, a complex of immediate and distant consequences for the Tambov region of the Civil War as a whole and especially the peasant uprising of 1920–1921 is considered. In the part of the demographic heritage we show, both direct irreversible losses of the Tambov population (death from a complex of suppressive causes, voluntary and forced emigration from the region, a drop in fertility, deformation of the age and gender balance, collapse of the population of the rural settlements, etc.) and indirect prolonged suppression processes and the degradation of subregional aggressive rural populations that fell under the “Antonovshchina” and its suppression (social defeat of the rebellious subregions with a subsequent decline in their socio-cultural level and greater losses in World War II, shorter life expectancy, higher morbidity). Special attention is paid to the comparative evolution of the anthropometric indicators of the male parts of the populations of all Russian regions and Tambov subregions, depending on the degree of their specific defeat by the Civil War. Shows the negative impact of “Antonovshchina” and its suppression on the general cultural Soviet activity (“productivity”) of the rebellious subregions. The methods and results of the study of the all-Russian and Tambov regional material are abundantly presented graphically.

Keywords

direct and indirect demographic losses, social defeat, anthropometry, life expectancy, markers of the social heritage of “Antonovshchina”

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2021-26-194-206-235

UDC

94(470)“1920–1921”

Pages

206-235

References

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Received

2021-03-12

Section of issue

National History

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