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Development of communicative competence in language teaching of a future profession

Annotation

We consider the methods of teaching professional communication in the field of medicine at the lessons of Russian as a foreign language. The stages of work with professionally directed material in the aspect of speech competence are presented. The description of listening as a productive form of language teaching from the perspective of perception and understanding of professional terminology is given. In addition, examples of assignments for all types of pre-text, text and post-text listening work are given. A generalized characteristic of teaching dialogue and monologue speech based on the material of professional medical nomenclature is given. The most productive types of tasks that ensure the development of communicative competencies of future doctors have been highlighted. The conclusion is formulated that tasks for the development of speech among foreign students should contribute to effective mental activity; activation of language guess; enrichment of passive and active vocabulary; predicting the naming ability of text and text units, key concepts of a word and main content; the development of the ability to extract the main information from the text, independently evaluate what has been read, and also improve the lexical and grammatical competencies of students. The work is addressed to lecturers of Russian as a foreign language, teachers of Russian as a foreign language in secondary schools.

Keywords

teaching methods, speech activity, listening, monologue speech, dialogue speech, specialty language

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DOI

10.20310/1810-0201-2021-26-195-173-179

UDC

378.147

Pages

173-179

References

1. Zinovyeva E.M. Osobennosti prepodavaniya meditsinskoy terminologii na urokakh russkogo yazyka kak inostrannogo [Features of medical terminology teaching in Russian as a foreign language lessons]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki – Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities, 2019, vol. 24, no. 180, pp. 99-105. https://doi.org/10.20310/1810-0201-2019-24-180-99-105. (In Russian). 2. Kryuchkova L.S., Moshchinskaya N.V. Prakticheskaya metodika obucheniya russkomu yazyku kak inostrannomu [Practical Methods of Teaching Russian as a Foreign Language]. Moscow, Flinta, Nauka Publ., 2009, 480 p. (In Russian). 3. Shchukin A.N. Metodika obucheniya rechevomu obshcheniyu na inostrannom yazyke [Methods for Teaching Speech Communication in a Foreign Language]. Moscow, IKAR Publ., 2011. (In Russian). 4. Balykhina T.M. Metodika prepodavaniya russkogo yazyka kak nerodnogo (novogo) [Methods of Teaching Russian as a Foreign Language (New)]. Moscow, RUDN University Publ., 2007, 185 p. (In Russian). 5. Shchukin Y.V., Dyachkov V.A., Ryabov A.E., Germanov A.V. Propedevtika vnutrennikh bolezney [Propedeutics of Internal Medicine]. Samara, LLC “Tipografiya” Publ., 2010, 336 p. (In Russian). 6. Mukhin N.A., Moiseyev V.S. Propedevtika vnutrennikh bolezney [Propedeutics of Internal Medicine]. Moscow, GEOTAR-Media Publ., 2008, 838 p. (In Russian). 7. Bredikhina I.A. Metodika prepodavaniya inostrannykh yazykov: Obucheniye osnovnym vidam rechevoy deyatel’nosti [Methods of Teaching Foreign Languages: Teaching the Main Types of Speech Activity]. Yekaterinburg, Ural Federal University Publ., 2018, 104 p. (In Russian). 8. Shamov A.N. Metodika prepodavaniya inostrannykh yazykov: obshchiy kurs [Methods of Teaching Foreign Languages: General Course]. Moscow, AST-Moscow, Vostok – Zapad Publ., 2008, 253 p. (In Russian). 9. Komarova Y.A., Mirzaliyeva D.R. Osobennosti obucheniya angloyazychnoy emotsional’no-okrashennoy monologicheskoy rechi uchashchikhsya starshikh klassov [Features of teaching English-language emotionally-colored monologue speech of senior students]. Metodika obucheniya inostrannomu yazyku [Methods of Foreign Language Teaching]. Moscow, “Urait” Publ., 2016, 384 p. (In Russian). 10. Shishkina I.V., Pakhomenko E.P. Metody i priyemy raboty s tekstom na uroke inostrannogo yazyka [Methods and Techniques of Working with Text in a Foreign Language Lesson]. (In Russian). Available at: http://www.rusnauka.com/3_SND_2010/Philologia/58359.doc.htm (accessed 01.08.2021).

Received

2021-09-03

Section of issue

Theory and Methods of Teaching Russian as a Foreign Language

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