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Culture, language and human nature


The features of the semiotic concept of culture are analyzed. The necessity to supplement the content of this concept by Wittgenstein’s arguments about culture, the essence of language and human nature is disclosed. In the context of his philosophy the concept of culture is genetically related to the natural environment, rather than rational discourse. Wittgenstein thus was able to eliminate the formed philosophical thinking “gap” between the naturalistic approach to the spiritual dimension of human and cultural approaches to the definition of its essence. Wittgenstein's applied philosophical method allows us to refine and expand the semiotic concept of culture, which in the context of cultural habits the life forms are characterized as historically developing over-biological programs of human activity. Thus, it becomes clear how linguistic forms are created by and broadcast cultural practices and social norms of behavior. Cultural practices exemplify the life forms that reveal the spiritual communication between people. Outside the context of a particular culture people are unlikely to recognize specific human life forms. Design and adhere to ethical standards in advanced collaborative practices and rituals forms a solid core of any national culture. Culture is a specific extension of the natural boundaries of the spiritual life. It includes human practices and customs that are created, improved and cultivated by successive generations of people through the strict observance of the rules of behavior of participants’ practices. Social behavior patterns are the basis for the formation of beliefs of personality, including its spiritual and moral qualities. Life forms of people are not utilized by external forces inventive mind and intellect. Culture is presented as “a great work of art”, concluding a result of joint creative efforts of previous generations of people in its creation. Conjured and secure by people culture appears as an extension of the natural splendor of life, passing into the spiritual dimension.


culture; language; language; form of life; rule-following; semiotics concept of culture; human nature; Ludwig Wittgenstein

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Questions of theory and methodology

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