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Theoretical aspects of clustering of agrarian sphere

Annotation

The increasing competition in the global markets, the need to meet the challenges of food security of State and adaptation to World Trade Organization membership justifies the relevance of innovative development of agricultural production. One of such directions is the development of cooperation, integration in agribusiness and the formation of product sub-complexes, as well as regional clusters. The notion of “cluster” is disclosed, discusses its elements and attributes, results of studies of domestic and foreign scholars on the role of clusters in the economy. The differences between the clusters and vertically integrated entities that in summarized view allow concluding that clusters are characterized with greater democratic governance, management decisions, innovation oriented activities, the creation of innovative development opportunities to all participants are determined. The definition of the agro-industrial cluster, which the authors proposed as associative territorial association of companies, aimed at increasing the competitiveness of products and enhancing innovation in the agricultural sector, is given. The feasibility of forming clusters in agricultural grocery sub-complex, which formed a single reproductive cycle, from raw material to finished product implementation through increased investment and innovation is disclosed. Positive and negative aspects of agrarian clustering are marked. The study shows that in modern conditions, the traditional division of the economy on the industry or sector becomes less relevant. Within the innovation-driven economies agricultural clusters represent a higher level of development of integration processes in agro-industrial complex, and their presence is essential for the qualitative evolution of agriculture in Russia.

Keywords

cluster; agrarian cluster; integration; innovation development; vertical integration unions

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UDC

338.436.33:005.591.6

Pages

73-79

References

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Received

2014-04-28

Section of issue

Problems and prospects of development of modern economics

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