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Optimality of national system of punishment in the context of effective implementation of criminal responsibility in era of financial and economic changes

Annotation

The author analyzes the domestic penal system, which today is one of the most impressive in its scope and the most differentiated among national criminal laws. Publisher concludes that while the system is sub-optimal realizable and is inherently inefficient. Despite the fact that it was once again expanded by legislator of Federal Law of December 7, 2011 № 420-FL due to forced labor under paragraph “L.1” Art. 44, Art. 531 of the Criminal Code, contains just three types of punishment directly related to the real work of convicted persons. The author states that it is in the situation systemically ongoing global economic crisis and the continuing mass unemployment in the country made the correlation appropriately enough illogical. For example, a series of novels of the Criminal Code (as forced labor, as well as earlier arrest) is still, in fact, not provided as logistical, organizational and so directly, and can really due to the current lack of specialized institutions – correctional centers and detention homes have become traditional for the domestic legislation “deferred kinds of punishments”. Part of the 2 art. 60 CC of RF allows the serving of forced labor in other places located on the territory of any other member of the Federation, in which there are conditions for their accommodation (bring to labor). Publisher concludes that it violates the principle of equality and involves decreasing the educational potential of this species designated as an alternative to imprisonment.

Keywords

types of penalties; fine; forced labor; correctional work; effectiveness of implementation; other measures of criminal law; non-optimal forms of criminal responsibility; Criminal Code of Russian Federation; optimality of national system of punishment in the context of effective implementation of criminal responsibility in era of financial and economic change

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UDC

343.2/.7+343.24

Pages

157-162

References

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Received

2014-04-12

Section of issue

Civil society and state

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