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Concept of “literature for use” (Gebrauchsliteratur) by German writers of Weimar republic

Annotation

The conception of the objectives of literature under conditions of crisis in German society by the writers of Weimar republic is considered. The article is based on the aesthetic works of German authors, who belong to the “new objectivism” (Brecht, Döblin, Feuchtwanger, Tucholsky, Kästner and others). In the studied works the paradigm of the autonomy of art, which has been formed in European modern history, is rejected and it is suggested, that the art should have certain functions in the society. The studied works actualize the idea of breaking with tradition, which was characteristic for modernistic culture, but herewith the authors try to create not the elitist art, but understandable for the recipient. The concept of “literature for use” (Gebrauchsliteratur) is connected with following ideas: politicization, enlightenment of readers, accessibility, erasing of borders between “high” and “trivial” literature, acceptation of secondary importance of formal experiments.

Keywords

“new objectivism”; Weimar republic; modernism; tradition; literary hierarchy

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UDC

82

Pages

97-104

References

1. Reich-Ranicki M. Romane von gestern- heute gelesen. Frankfurt, 1989. 2. Todorov Ts. Ponyatie literatury // Semiotika. M., 1983. S. 355-369. 3. Lotman Yu.M. O soderzhanii i strukture ponyatiya khudozhestvennaya literatura // Lotman Yu.M. Izbrannye stat'i v trekh tomakh. T. 1. Stat'i po semiotike i topologii kul'-tury. Tallin, 1992. S. 203-216. 4. Becker S. Neue Sachlichkeit. Köln, 2000. 5. Brenner H.G. Berichte aus der Wirklichkeit // Die neue Bücherschau. 1928. № 11. S. 577-579. 6. Ruprecht E. Literarische Manifeste des Naturalismus 1880–1892. Stuttgart, 1962. 7. Brekht B. O literature. M., 1977. 8. Döblin A. Schriften zu Ästhetik, Poetik und Literatur. Olten und Freiburg im Breisgau, 1989. 9. Brecht B. Hauspostille. Frankfurt am Main, 1993. 10. Tucholsky K. (Ignaz Wrobel) Gebrauchslyrik // Die Weltbühne. 1928. № 48. 11. Grüttemeier R., Beeckman K., Riebel B. Neue Sachlichkeit and Avantgarde. Amsterdam; New York, 2013. 12. Guzy E. Erich Kästner und das Theater. Ein bisschen mehr als Fabian. Hamburg, 2013. 13. Kolb E., Schumann D. Die Weimarer Republik. Oldenburg, 2013. 14. Müller K.-D. Bertolt Brecht: Epoche – Werk – Wirkung. München, 2009.

Received

2014-04-09

Section of issue

Language. cognition. culture

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