Menu: Home :: go to Journal :: switch to Russian :: switch to English
You are here: all Journals and Issues→ Journal→ Issue→ Article

Activity of World Health Organization for population protection from threat against biological and chemical weapons use


The analysis of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) activities aimed at civil protection against biological and chemical weapons is considered. The WHO’s efforts to prevent the use of biological and chemical agents, as well as retaliatory measures in case of a chemical or biological assault is analyzed. The WHO’s contribution to prohibition of these types of mass destruction weapons is identified. Particular attention is paid to the WHO’s role in investigation of the facts of biological weapons use and in control of the Biological Weapons Convention implementation. A focus is maid on reviewing the organization’s commission in surveillance, detection, diagnosis and combating of infectious diseases as a result of the biological agents use. The collaboration of the World Health Organization with the UN institutes and non-state organizations of the civil protection issues against biological or chemical weapons is also examined. It is emphasized that the WHO made a significant contribution to investigation of the chemical agents use in Syria in August 2013.


World Health Organization; Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons; chemical weapons; biological weapons; public health; Syrian crisis.

Full-text in one file







1. Konventsiya o zapreshchenii razrabotki, proizvodstva i nakopleniya zapasov bakteriologicheskogo (biologicheskogo) i toksinnogo oruzhiya i ob ikh unichtozhenii ot 10.04.1972 g. URL: documents/decl_conv/conventions/bacweap.shtml (data obrashcheniya: 13.05.2014). 2. Konventsiya o zapreshchenii razrabotki, proizvodstva, nakopleniya i primeneniya khimicheskogo oruzhiya i o ego unichtozhenii ot 13 yanvarya 1993 g. URL: pagesnew.php? id=2155 (data obrashcheniya: 12.05.2014). 3. Ustav (Konstitutsiya) Vsemirnoy organizatsii zdravookhraneniya. 45-e izd. 2006. URL: http:// (data obrashcheniya: 12.05.2014). 4. Steffen R. Preparation for emergency relief after biological warfare // Journal of infection. 1997. № 34 (2). P. 127-132. 5. The Fifty-fourth World Health Assembly, Resolution WHA 54.14 Global health security: epidemic alert and response, 21.01.2001. URL: (accessed: 14.05.2014). 6. Otvetnye mery sistemy obshchestvennogo zdravookhraneniya na ugrozu primeneniya biologicheskogo i khimicheskogo oruzhiya. 2004. URL: (data obrashcheniya: 13.05.2014). 7. Mezhdunarodnye mediko-sanitarnye pravila. 2005 g. URL: publications/2008/9789244580417_rus.pdf (data obrashcheniya: 12.05.2014). 8. Rezolyutsiya 620 Soveta Bezopasnosti OON ot 26.08.1988 g. URL: /doc/RESOLUTION/GEN/NR0/541/87/IMG/NR054187.pdf?OpenElement (data obrashcheniya: 16.05.2014). 9. Kelle A. Securitization of international public health: implications for global health governance and the biological weapons prohibition regime // Global Governance. 2007. № 13. P. 217-235. 10. Enemark C. The role of the Biological Weapons Convention in disease surveillance and response // Health policy and planning. 2010. № 25. 11. Bidwell C. Before Eliminating Syria’s Chemical Weapons, One Must Find Syria’s Chemical Weapons // Federation of American Scientists. 2013. 17 September. 12. Russia backs Syria on chemical weapons plan // Aljazeera. 2014. 31 January. 13. WHO calls on international community to support health needs of Syrians in Syria and neighbouring countries in 2014 // Media-Centre WHO. 2014. 26 January.



Section of issue

Development of modern society and problems of globalization

Для корректной работы сайта используйте один из современных браузеров. Например, Firefox 55, Chrome 60 или более новые.