Menu: Home :: go to Journal :: switch to Russian :: switch to English
You are here: all Journals and Issues→ Journal→ Issue→ Article

G.R. Derzhavin’s phenomenon in public and political life of Russia in last third of the 18th – early 19th century

Annotation

Based on the study of a variety of sources for the first time in the research literature the phenomenon of G.R. Derzhavin-politician is analyzed. The state activity milestone of the famous poet of the 18th century is considered. It is noted that the administrative and political activities of G.R. Derzhavin to have long-standing tradition in the shadow of literary, meanwhile, G.R. Derzhavin brightly shown itself in the political scene last third of the 18th – early 19th century: he held the position of governor of vicegerency of Olonetsk and Tambov provinces, personal secretary Catherine II, senator, president of the Commerce College, the state treasurer and the Minister of Justice. As a public official, G.R. Derzhavin has developed a range of topical at the time projects to reform the Senate, the introduction of arbitration courts, regulation noble patronage, the development of fish and salt industries in Russia, credit relations between banks and nobles, the army, etc. It is concluded that the G.R. Derzhavin remains “unloved son” in the family state dignitaries of imperial Russia, the state and the public interest to which appears only during anniversaries. However, many archival documents in the central and regional archives, deprived research interest is still fraught with varied information on the state of activity of the poet. Also points to the need to revive interest in G.R. Derzhavin as a statesman through a comprehensive study of archival information, promotion of their socio-political works. To the numerous Derzhavin’s busts and monuments we need to add scientific monument to Derzhavin-politician, which would reflect his original views on the state, society, the legal system, as well as a kind of official way.

Keywords

G.R. Derzhavin; state activity; political life of Russia in last third of the 18th – early 19th century; Russian officials; political biography

Full-text in one file

Download

UDC

34(091)+32(092)

Pages

199-208

References

1. Salias E.A. Poet-namestnik (1785–1788). Spb., 1885. 2. Lonskiy (Priklonskiy) S.A. Derzhavin v Petrozavodske // Russkaya mysl'. 1883. № 11. S. 232-265. 3. Derzhavin G.R. Zapiski iz izvestnykh vsem proisshestviev i podlinnykh del, zaklyucha-yushchie v sebe zhizn' Gavrily Romanovicha Derzhavina. M., 1860. 4. Zamost'yanov A.A. Gavrila Derzhavin: podal ya, vstaval v moy vek… M., 2013. 5. Ministerstvo yustitsii (1802–1902) // Zhurnal ministerstva yustitsii. 1903. № 1. S. 1-33. 6. Stoyunin V.Ya. Derzhavin, kak chinovnik i pisatel' // Priluko-Prilutskiy N.G. Derzhavin. Zhizn' i tvorchestvo. Seriya “Korifei russkogo slova: sb. kriticheskikh i biograficheskikh statey)”. Vyp. 2. Sankt-Peterburg; Varshava, 1911. S. 7-16. 7. Epshteyn E.M. G.R. Derzhavin v Karelii. Petrozavodsk, 1987. 8. Khrapovitskiy A.V. Pamyatnye zapiski. M., 1862. 9. Aksakov S.T. Sobranie sochineniy. Spb., 1909. T. 3. 10. Zhikharev S.P. Zapiski. M., 1890. 11. Ikonnikov V.S. Gavriil Romanovich Derzhavin v svoey gosudarstvennoy i obshchestvennoy deyatel'nosti. Petrograd; Kiev, 1916. 12. Ivanov P.I. Opyt biografiy general-prokurorov i ministrov yustitsii. Spb., 1863. 13. Lonskiy (Priklonskiy) S.A. Derzhavin v Petrozavodske // Russkaya mysl'. 1883. № 10. S. 175-212. 14. Grot Ya.K. Zhizn' Derzhavina po ego sochineniyam i pis'mam i po istoricheskim dokumentam. Spb., 1880. 15. Savel'ev-Rostislavich N.V. Zhizneopisanie Gavrila Romanovicha Derzhavina. Spb., 1842. 16. Briliant S.M. Derzhavin: ego zhizn', literaturnaya deyatel'nost' i sluzhba. Biograficheskiy ocherk. Spb., 1896. 17. Filonov A.G. Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin. Spb., 1896. 18. Sosnitskiy A.A. Gavril Romanovich Derzhavin. Biograficheskiy ocherk. M., 1899. 19. Pokrovskiy V.I. Gavril Romanovich Derzhavin. Ego zhizn' i sochineniya. M., 1911. 20. Murzanov N.I. Slovar' russkikh senatorov 1711–1917 gg. SPb., 2011. 21. Zvyagintsev A.G., Orlov Yu.G. Taynye sovetniki imperii. Rossiyskie prokurory. XIX vek. M., 1995. 22. Levenshteyn O.G. Administrativnaya deyatel'nost' G.R. Derzhavina (1784–1796 gg.): avtoref. dis. … kand. ist. nauk. M., 1988. 23. Morozov E.A. G.R. Derzhavin – pravitel' tambovskogo namestnichestva. Tambov, 1999. 24. Obrezkova A.P. Derzhavin poet-general i pervyy ministr yustitsii. Kazan', 2003. 25. Meshcheryakov Yu.V. Gavriil Romanovich Derzhavin. Tambovskiy period deyatel'nosti (1786–1788 gg.). Tambov, 2006. 26. Levenshteyn O.G. G.R. Derzhavin. Gosudars-tvennaya deyatel'nost' (1784–1796 gg.). Kazan', 2008. 27. Minakov A.Yu. G.R. Derzhavin kak predstavitel' russkogo konservatizma // Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye nauki. Tambov, 2010. Vyp. 7 (87). S. 7-15. 28. Minakov A.Yu. Russkaya partiya v pervoy chet-verti XIX v. / otv. red. O.A. Platonov. M., 2013. 29. Mikhaylov O.N. Derzhavin. Romanizirovannoe opisanie istoricheskikh proisshestviy i podlinnykh sobytiy, zaklyuchayushchikh v sebe zhizn' Gavrily Romanovicha Derzhavina. M., 1977. 30. Borodin A.P. Dos'e bez retushi. Stolypin. Reformy vo imya Rossii. M., 2004.

Received

2014-04-08

Section of issue

Derzhavin’s year in derzhavin’s university

Для корректной работы сайта используйте один из современных браузеров. Например, Firefox 55, Chrome 60 или более новые.