Menu: Home :: go to Journal :: switch to Russian :: switch to English
You are here: all Journals and Issues→ Journal→ Issue→ Article

Psychological resources of the individual during the COVID-19 pandemic

Annotation

We present a review of studies of psychological resources of personality related to psychological well-being and health. The description of resources is based on S. Hobfoll’s conservation of resources theory, its main position is to preserve the balance of resources and losses when building a person’s behavior in a stressful situation. Obviously, with a lack of resources, the distress experienced will be expressed more clearly. At the same time, a person in a stressful situation can not only lose, but also acquire resources. Thus, the resulting effect of a difficult life situation develops, including from the actions of the individual. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a decrease in the number of psychological resources in the vast majority of the population of our country. At the same time, the damage to the resources of the individual is caused in several angles at once: the actual experience of the disease, the experience of fears associated with it, reactions to quarantine measures, as well as the general damage to social and economic relations caused by the pandemic. The influence of factors of optimism, social support and positive habits that increase psychological well-being on the replenishment of psychological resources of the individual is considered. We present research from the field of positive psychology and health psychology, confirming the suitability of our recommendations to support the psychological resources of the individual during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords

COVID-19; psychological resources; personality; optimism; social support; psychological well-being

Full-text in one file

Download

DOI

10.20310/1810-231X-2021-20-4(50)-105-112

UDC

159.923:159.96

Pages

105-112

References

1. Kholmogorova A.B., Rakhmanina A.A., Suroegina A.Yu., Mikita O.Yu., Petrikov S.S., Roy A.P. Psikhi-cheskoe zdorov'e i professional'noe vygoranie vrachey-ordinatorov vo vremya pandemii COVID-19: situatsionnye i psikhologicheskie factory [Mental health and professional burnout among residents during the COVID-19 pandemic: situational and psychological factors]. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya – Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2021, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 9-47. (In Russian). DOI 10.17759/cpp.2021290202. 2. Hobfol S. E., Halbesleben J., Neveu J.-P., Westman M. Conservation of resources in the organizational context: The reality of resources and their consequences. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2018, vol. 5, pp. 103-128. DOI 10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032117-104640. 3. Kim T.W., Bernstein J., Cheng D.M., Lloyd‐Travaglini C., Same J.H., Palfa T.P., Saitz R. Receipt of addiction treatment as a consequence of a brief intervention for drug use in primary care: a randomized trial. Addiction, 2017, vol. 112, no. 5, pp. 818-827. DOI 10.1111/add.13701. 4. Cacioppo S., Capitanio J.P., Cacioppo J.T. Toward a neurology of loneliness. Psychological Bulletin, 2014, vol. 140, no. 6, pp. 1464-1504. DOI 10.1037/a0037618. 5. Odintsova M.A., Radchikova N.P., Yanchuk V.A. Otsenka situatsii pandemii COVID-19 zhitelyami Rossii i Belarusi [Assessment of the COVID-19 pandemic situation by residents of Russia and Belarus]. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo – Social Psychology and Society, 2021, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 56-77. (In Russian). DOI 10.17759/sps.2021120204. 6. Aspinwall L.G., Tedeschi R.G. The value of positive psychology for health psychology: progress and pitfalls in examining the relation of positive phenomena to health. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 2010, vol. 39, pp. 4-15. DOI 10.1007/s12160-009-9153-0. 7. Ovcharovа L.N., ed. Monitoring sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo polozheniya i sotsial'nogo samochuvstviya naseleniya: itogi 2020 g. Aprel' 2021 [Monitoring of the Socio-Economic Situation and Social Well-Being of the Population: Results of 2020. April 2021]. Moscow, 2021, 32 p. (In Russian). 8. Brannan D., Biswas-Diener R., Mohr C.D., Mortazavi S., Stein N. Friends and family: A cross-cultural investigation of social support and subjective well-being among college students. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2013, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 65-75. DOI 10.1080/17439760.2012.743573. 9. Cohen S. Social Relationships and Health. American Psychologist, 2004, vol. 59, no. 8, pp. 676-684. DOI 10.1037/0003-066X.59.8.676. 10. Niles B.L., Mori D.L., Polizzi C. et al. A systematic review of randomized trials of mind-body interventions for PTSD. J. Clin. Psychol., 2018, vol. 74, pp. 1485-1508. DOI 10.1002/jclp.22634 11. Brooks S.K., Webster R.K., Smith L.E., Woodland L., Wessely S., Greenberg N., Rubin G.J. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet, 2020, vol. 395, no. 10227, pp. 912-920. DOI 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8. 12. Sheldon K.M., Lyubomirsky S. The challenge of staying happier: Testing the hedonic adaptation prevention model. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2012, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 670-680. DOI 10.1177/0146167212436400. 13. Carver C S., Scheier M.F., Segerstrom S.C. Optimism. Clinical Psychology Review, 2010, vol. 30, no. 7, pp. 879-889. DOI 10.1016/j.cpr.2010.01.006. 14. Myers D.G., Diener E. The scientific pursuit of happiness. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2018, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 218-225. DOI 10.1177/1745691618765171. 15. Danner D.D., Snowdon D.A., Friesen W.V. Positive emotions in early life and longevity: Findings from the nun study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2001, vol. 80, no. 5, pp. 804-813. DOI 10.1037/0022-3514.80.5.804. 16. Hobfoll S.E. Conservation of resources: a new attempt at conceptualizing stress. American Psychologist, 1989, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 513-524. DOI 10.1037/0003-066X.44.3.513. 17. Shor E., Roelfs D.J., Yogev T. The strength of family ties: a meta-analysis and meta-regression of self-reported social support and mortality. Social Networks, 2013, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 626-638. DOI 10.1016/j.socnet.2013.08.004. 18. Pennebaker J.W. Confession, inhibition, and disease. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 1989, vol. 22, pp. 211-244. DOI 10.1016/S0065-2601(08)60309-3. 19. Hostinar C.E., Johnson A.E., Gunnar M.R. Early social deprivation and the social buffering of cortisol stress responses in late childhood: an experimental study. Developmental Psychology, 2015, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 1597-1608. DOI 10.1037/dev0000029.

Received

2021-10-12

Section of issue

Discussion (point of view)

Для корректной работы сайта используйте один из современных браузеров. Например, Firefox 55, Chrome 60 или более новые.