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Culturological approaches to organization of a foreign language educational process for students of IT specialties

Annotation

We consider some culturological approaches in relation to the profile-oriented foreign language training of non-linguist students at the higher school. The planned result of foreign languages teaching is currently described through the concept of foreign language communicative competence, which considers the personality of a student as a set of specific subject skills, knowledge and internal abilities including those, which are related to cultural transformation of the world. The goal of teaching languages consists of four components: practical, developing, upbringing and educational aspects. The practical goal corresponds to specific language knowledge and skills. Development through the process of studying languages is realized by the means of particular methods and techniques. The educational and formative potential is achieved by straightening of the culture-orienting function of the foreign languages educational process. These concrete scientific approaches combine the consideration of the mechanisms of transformation of culture into the world of personality and, accordingly, the influence of a developing personality on changes in cultural forms. We describe general characteristics of the approaches under consideration (socio-cultural, intercultural, multicultural and cultural-axiological) according to possibilities of methodological implementation of their fundamental principles in foreign language classes on the example of students of technical specialties. We consider the described approaches from the position of strengthening the educational potential of the process of foreign languages teaching to students in higher education, associated approaches with the idea of laying the foundations of a humanistically oriented, culturally diverse society, comfortable for personal and professional self-realization. Using the described approaches is advisable to strengthen the educational and upbringing function of foreign language training of students of IT specialties.

Keywords

culturological approaches; socio-cultural; intercultural; poly-cultural; cultural-axiological; higher school; student; educational process; foreign language

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DOI

10.20310/1810-231X-2021-20-4(50)-15-21

UDC

372.881.111.1

Pages

15-21

References

1. Shamov A.N. 101 ideya professora E.I. Passova kak vesomyy vklad v razvitie metodologii metodicheskoy nauki [101 idea of Professor E.I. Passov as a significant contribution to the development of methodology of methodological science]. Nauchnoe nasledie E.I. Passova v kontekste razvitiya inoyazychnogo obrazovaniya [Scientific Heritage of E.I. Passov in the Context of the Development of Foreign Language Education]. Lipetsk, LSPU Publ., 2020, pp. 331-337. (In Russian). 2. Passov E.I. Genomodifitsirovannoe «inoyazychnoe obrazovanie» N.D. Gal'skovoy (k chemu ono mozhet privesti?) [Genetically modified “Foreign Language Education” of N.D. Galskova (what may it lead to?)] Prepodavatel' XXI vek – Teacher 21st Century, 2014, no. 2, pp. 190-200. (In Russian). 3. Kobenko Yu.V., ed. Yazyk. Obshchestvo. Obrazovanie [Language. Society. Education]. Tomsk, TPU Publ., 2020, 300 p. (In Russian). 4. Bazina N.V. Sotsiolingvisticheskaya kompetentsiya kak ob"ekt kontrolya [Sociolinguistic competence as an object of control]. Lingvostranovedenie: metody analiza, tekhnologiya obucheniya: v 2 ch. Ch. 1. Yazyki v aspekte lingvostranovedeniya [Linguistics: Methods of Analysis, Teaching Technology: in 2 pts. Pt 1. Languages in the Aspect of Linguistics]. Moscow, MGIMO-University Publ., 2010, pp. 177-182. (In Russian). 5. Safonova V.V. Sotsiokul'turnyy podkhod k obucheniyu inostrannomu yazyku kak spetsial'nosti: avtoref. dis. … d-ra ped. nauk [Sociocultural approach to teaching a foreign language as a specialty. Dr. ped. sci. diss. abstr.]. Moscow, 1993, 46 p. (In Russian). 6. Goncharova V.A. Gipoteza tret'ey kul'tury: prezumptsiya stereotipa [The hypothesis of the third culture: the presumption of stereotype]. Vestnik Buryatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Filosofiya – Bullein of BSU. Philosophy, 2011, no. 15, pp. 111-115. (In Russian). 7. Sysoyev P.V. Kontseptsiya yazykovogo polikul'turnogo obrazovaniya: avtoref. dis. … d-ra ped. nauk [The Concept of Linguistic Multicultural Education. Dr. ped. sci. diss. abstr.]. Moscow, 2004, 47 p. (In Russian). 8. Kuryleva N.V. Tsennostnye aspekty gumanizatsii sovremennogo obrazovatel'nogo protsessa v sisteme prepodavaniya filologicheskikh distsiplin [Value aspects of humanization of the modern educational process in the teaching system of philological disciplines]. Vestnik Mininskogo universiteta – Vestnik of Minin University, 2013, no. 1, p. 15. (In Russian).

Received

2021-10-06

Section of issue

Theory and methodology: problems and tendencies

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