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Teaching students of pedagogical universities spontaneous speech based on a dialogical approach

Annotation

Abstract. We consider the issue of teaching students of pedagogical universities spontaneous speech on the basis of a dialogic approach. The approach is implemented by the principles of dialogicity, the dominance of speech exercises for the development of skills of spontaneous foreign language speech, taking into account non-verbal means of communication for the greatest immersion in the culture and communication features of native speakers of the studied language, the development of critical thinking. Foreign language teaching is based on the methodological potential of a dialogical approach, which implies a communicative orientation of classes and parallel assimilation of vocabulary and grammar in various speech situations. Deductive and inductive methods for teaching dialogic communication are noted. Training is carried out on the basis of a methodology developed in accordance with the characteristics of spontaneous speech and includes principles, content (methodological, linguistic and psychological components), means (auditory authentic and educational dialogic texts), organizational forms (social role interaction), stages, strategies, techniques and exercises aimed at development skills and abilities of using normative features of spontaneous speech, as well as familiarization with the non-normative features of spontaneous speech based on the interaction of verbal and non-verbal means of communication.

Keywords

foreign language teaching; dialogic approach; foreign language communicative competence; spontaneous speech

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DOI

10.20310/1810-231X-2022-21-1-27-32

UDC

372.881.111.1

Pages

27-32

References

1. Vorochay Zh.N., Popova S.V. Linguistic aspect of teaching spontaneous speech in English. In: Kormilina N.V., Shugaeva N.Yu., eds. Current Issues of Intercultural Communication and Linguodidactics. Cheboksary, ChSPU Publ., 2021, pp. 213-217. (In Russian). 2. Zimnaya I.A. Psychological Aspects of Speaking a Foreign Language. Moscow, Prosvyascheniye Publ., 1978, 160 p. (In Russian). 3. Golovin S.Y. Dictionary of a Practical Psychologist. Moscow, AST Publ., Harvest Publ., 1998, 626 p. (In Russian). 4. Skalkin V.L. Dialogic Speech Teaching (Based on the Material of the English Language). Kyiv, Radyanska shchkola Publ., 1989, 158 p. (In Russian). 5. Popova S.V., Vorochai Zh.N. Dialogical approach as the basis of learning foreign language spontaneous speech. Nauka i Obrazovanie = Science and Education, 2021, vol. 4, no. 1. (In Russian). 6. Esipov B.P. Ways to improve teaching methods. Sovetskaya pedagogika = Soviet Pedagogy, 1963, no. 12, pp. 12-21. (In Russian). 7. Murzayeva V.V., Tumakova N.A. On the question of linguistic features of dialogic speech. Molodoy uchenyy = Young Scientist, 2015, no. 10 (90), pp. 1233-1235. (In Russian). 8. Bukhbinder V.A. Oral speech as a process and as a subject of study. In: Essays on Methods of Teaching Oral Speech in Foreign Languages. Kyiv, KSU Publ., 2001, 568 p. (In Russian). 9. Solovova E.N. Methods of Foreign Languages Teaching. Moscow, Prosvyascheniye Publ., 2003, 123 p. (In Russian).

Received

2022-01-10

Section of issue

Educational technologies

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