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Information and communications technology in the educational process of primary school: impact on schoolchildren

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Abstract. We analyze possibilities and limitations of information and communications technology in primary general education to increase effectiveness of cognitive activity among students and motivate them to independent activity. The informatization of primary schools affects the quality of the educational process. Management simplification in the educational process with information and communications technology enables to organize the exchange of pedagogical experience, to expand the didactic possibilities of the lesson. The following positive possibilities of using information and communications technology in the implementation of the educational process in primary school are increased motivation to learn, activation of cognitive activity, effective implementation of the visibility principle, individualization and differentiation of learning, mastery of variable ways of obtaining and processing information. Prolonged and systematic use of information and communications technology may cause a negative impact on the physical, psychological state and health of younger schoolchildren. As a result, it is necessary to comply with restrictions when using information and communications technology in primary classes. The use of information and communications technology in the course of the educational process is a necessary, and not an exclusive (special, exclusive) means of ensuring educational activities in general. The position on the inevitability of the variable use of information and communications technology both at school and beyond is proved.

Keywords

education digitalization; information and communications technology; clip thinking; junior schoolchildren; educational process; means of information and communications technology; advantages and limitations of the use of information and communications technology

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DOI

10.20310/1810-231X-2022-21-1-78-87

UDC

373.31

Pages

78-87

References

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Received

2022-01-31

Section of issue

Kindergarten, school, higher education institution

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