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IMPROVEMENT OF INVESTIGATION AND DISCLOSURE OF CRIMES IN THE SPHERE OF COMPUTER INFORMATION
Article is about improvement of disclosure and investigation of crimes in the sphere of computer information. The author noted that competitiveness of national economy in the modern world directly connects with development of information technologies. At the same time one of negative consequences of this process is emergence of computer crime. The analysis of statistics of crimes in the sphere of computer information states low efficiency of their investigation and judicial proceedings. The author investigated circumstances causing the most vital issues in fight against these crimes. It is the high level of latency, a variety of ways of commission of these crimes, difficulties of definition of the event of a crime, ease of destruction of traces of preparation and commission of these crimes. The author noted that at disclosure and investigation of crimes in the sphere of computer information virtual traces not only created in computer systems have crucial importance, but also formed as a result of passing of information on technical communication channels. The author considered mechanism of their trace forming, analyzed opinions of scientists on a concept and essence of these traces, observed lack of uniform understanding among them the studied processes and as a result, existence of various positions on the matter, stated need of revision and modification of the private criminalistic theory of a trace forming, studied the problem of standard regulation of questions of preservation by telecom operators of the above-stated traces, considered the prospects of investigation and disclosure of these crimes in view of impossibility of restoration by the investigator of the mechanism of its commission and obtaining at the same time proofs, studied legal permission of these circumstances and problems appearing at the same time and on the basis of the above offered the questions demanding additional legal regulation for further improvement of disclosure and investigation of crimes in the sphere of computer information.
computer crimes; crime execution mechanism; trace forming mechanism; virtual traces of crime
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