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CLUSTER APPROACH TO THE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF STRUCTURAL AND INVESTMENT POLICY OF THE REGION
In this article suggests a procedure of the development of structural and investment policy in the region, based on the use of the cluster approach, which justifies the strategic goals and directions of regional policy, which allows to determine the mechanism of the phased implementation of structural and investment policy based on the formation of clusters based on the identification and validation of opportunities for participants corridor cluster. The process of development and validation of structural and investment policy is difficult to formalize, as there is currently there are no practical recommendations for its formation, and therefore the more difficult and the activities of public authorities in this direction. The author suggests a generalized diagram a process of development and implementation of structural and investment policy at the regional level. Implementation of structural and investment policy based on the cluster approach, contributes to the effective integration of intellectual and financial resources of the region. The development of clusters at the regional level contributes to structural and investment restructuring of the economy as a whole, strengthening foreign economic relations between the territories. Formation of the necessary analytical framework and holding of the measures on the information support of the implementation of cluster policy is the responsibility of local authorities, requiring the regulatory and practical mechanism for its implementation, which would take into account the interests of local self-government (which reflect interests of the population), the interests of potential investors, as well as the conditions for the development of territories. In the course of the study it was systematized basic concept of cluster theory, and analyzed foreign and domestic experience of formation of cluster structures. The author outlines the main advantages of the cluster approach in the implementation of structural and investment policy in the region, subject to the limitations and possibilities of the cluster members, as well as the analyzed the main and specific principles of development regional structural policy.
structural and investment policy; cluster; cluster policy
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