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POPULATION WELFARE AS TARGET REFERENCE POINT OF WORKING OF THE STATE: ESSENCE, ELEMENTS, WELFARE FACTORS
In article the concept of welfare is considered through a prism of system of the elements entering this social and economic category of general welfare of citizens. Increase in welfare - result of development of economy, a factor of growth of the consumer demand which stimulates development of an entrepreneurship and finally leads to increase in welfare of society in general. An object of research within article is the welfare as a target reference point of working of the state, and also welfare elements. The author pointed out the major factors influencing population welfare, their main characteristics are described. In article two degrees of welfare - wealth and poverty, and also social and economic inequalities as the factor causing development of these categories are considered. In the research major factors of social and economic inequality are distinguished, their detailed classification depending on a sphere of influence is: economic, social, geographical, political, demographic, and psychological and levels of manifestation: macrolevel, microlevel, individual level. The author described in detail the threats initiated by low welfare. Establishment of correlation of the categorical method in system of a growth in prosperity of the population allowed to add interpretations of a concept of a welfare of the population. The main threats of decrease in welfare of the population in Russia escalating at the present stage are determined. In research the conclusion is drawn that the growth in prosperity of the population shall be a targeted reference point of enhancement of social and economic policy of the state. The main conclusions of article can be used for further researches of the categorical device of a welfare, and also development of suggestions for improvement of mechanisms of its increase.
welfare; welfare elements; social and economic inequality; activities of the state
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