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THE ANALYSIS OF SPECIFICS OF DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL BUSINESS IN RUSSIA WITHIN DEVELOPMENT OF METHODOLOGY OF THE ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF SMALL ENTERPRISES
The purpose of this article is a consideration of peculiar features of development of small business in the Russian Federation, both at a stage of his origin, and at the present stage. The object of research is a small business in the Russian Federation. The subject of research is social and economic characteristics of small business in Russia. During research authors received the following main results: established that difficult situation at the turn of the century and lack of the saved-up experience in area of carrying out policy of regulation and support of sector of small business cause low rates of development of small business; analyzed the main indicators characterizing a condition of sector of small business in the Russian Federation (branch structure of small business, distribution of employees of small enterprises by types of economic activity, number of small enterprises, average number of employees of small enterprises, turnover of small firms, volume and specific weight of investments into fixed capital, contribution of small farms to a gross internal product, profitability indicators, specific weight of profitable and unprofitable small enterprises). On the basis of the done analysis authors made conclusions that, despite relative growth for the considered period of separate indicators, extremely low values (in particular, the number of the small enterprises functioning in economy, the profitability level, number of the workers occupied at small enterprises) characterize them. Authors made the conclusion that now small business doesn't carry out the main functions on diversification of production and introduction of effective innovative projects, and often only mediates between producers and consumers of end products. Existence of a wide field of problems of development of small business in Russia at the present stage generates need of development of integrated methodological approach to an assessment of social and economic efficiency of small business entities which results can be a basis for development of actions for creating favorable conditions of development of small enterprises.
small business; small business entities; social and economic efficiency
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