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DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS OF REPRODUCTION OF THE MANPOWER IN REGIONS OF CENTRAL FEDERAL DISTRICT
The article presented results of the comparative statistical analysis of a state and dynamics of reproduction of a manpower in regions of the Central Federal District. Results of the carried-out analysis of statistical data have allowed to draw the following conclusions. In recent years mortality decreases and the number of unemployed pensioners of working-age decreases, but at the same time in the next years there won't be increase in a manpower in many regions of the Central Federal District. The tendency existing today will be actual still long time for the reason that dynamics of the natural movement of the population isn't able to provide stability of number of the labor population and to satisfy need for labor, leaning on internal demographic resources. The carried-out analysis says that in many Areas of Central federal district population reduction, including working-age continues. One of ways of completion of a manpower it will become inevitable migration. Despite certain private positive tendencies of reproduction in the studied regions and more favorable general dynamics of indicators in some areas, the analysis of the current situation and demographic tendencies indicates that creation of conditions for ensuring simple reproduction of the population, stabilization of its demographic structure and formation on this basis of a manpower necessary for economy will be a strategic objective of population policy of regions of Central Federal District for the next years. The solution of problems of reproduction of labor capacity of the Russian regions connects with state of the economy, and the social sphere, change in which will have negative consequences in the future from the point of view of reproduction of a manpower.
reproduction of manpower; population policy; social sphere
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