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ASSESSMENT OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF SMALL BUSINESS TO REGION ECONOMY (ON MATERIALS OF THE TAMBOV REGION)
Research objective - to open a role and value of small business for region economy. Small business has acted as object of research. Authors made the assessment of a contribution of small business to development of regional economy on materials of the Tambov region and revealed that in Russia the share of small business in gross domestic product of the country doesn't exceed 21%, at the same slow tendencies characterize time dynamics of development of the Russian small business; in a regional section activity of small business is non-uniform as regions have various starting conditions for development: among regions of Central Federal District the effectively smallest business develops in Moscow and the Moscow region, further there are Voronezh, Lipetsk and Vladimir regions. Authors defined that small business in the Tambov region plays an important role for development of economy of the region: 8,6 thousand small and medium-sized enterprises and 17,7 thousand individual entrepreneurs work providing about 133 thousand people with workplaces that makes 25,2% of economically active population of the area. At the same time the small business entities (including individual entrepreneurs) in the region it is a production (services) on 173,7 billion rubles that makes 38,8% of a total turnover of all enterprises and the organizations of area. Subjects of small and medium business form retail trade turnover in the region for 69,8%. Authors defined that small business makes the significant contribution to the consolidated budget of the region: total amount of receipts on taxes on the cumulative income has made 1475,3 million rubles. Authors made the conclusion on the importance of small business for economy of the Tambov region.
assessment; small business; region economy
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