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IDEOLOGICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL PREREQUISITES OF FORMATION OF A. D. GRADOVSKY'S VIEWS ON THE STATE AND THE RIGHT
Aleksandr Dmitrievich Gradovsky' name - the outstanding legal expert and the public figure of the XIX century is not almost known today to not only general public, but also among professional lawyers. In article the author made an attempt to reflect the main stages of A. D. Gradovsky's life and creativity in the context of the ideological and methodological platform of his views on the state and the right. The author analyzed scientific heritage of the scientist on chronology, carried out the periodization of views of the scientist on youthful (until the end of the 1860s) period and mature creativity, revealed prerequisites of formation of state and legal views of the scientist in connection with biography stages, marked out features, characteristic of Gradovsky's creativity, - commitment to progress, the ideas of constitutionalism, division of the authorities, commitment to reforms, the appeal to positivism as to the philosophical platform, established Gradovsky's commitment to the ideas of evolutionary and progressive development of the state on a philosophical basis of sociological positivism taking into account the author's position and defined the dualism of views of the scientist which was expressed in the concept of the national and progressive state. The author also carried out the short analysis of the A. D. Gradovsky's main scientific and publicistic works, paid special attention to assessment of creativity and Gradovsky's activity by his contemporaries and pupils, such as: I. E. Andreevsky, N. M. Korkunov, M. I. Sveshnikov, B. B. Glinsky.
A. D. Gradovsky; state; law; the doctrine of the law
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