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Women's Business in the Countries of the Customs Union through the Prism of Gender Equality

Annotation

Authors of article set the purpose before themselves – studying of women's business in the countries of the Customs union as a factor of sustainable development of national economy. For transformational economies of Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus where the level of enterprise activity of the population is lower, than in the countries with the developed market economy, this subject is especially relevant. A research object – female businessmen of the countries of the Customs union. Author conducted the research on the basis of the sociological research conducted by method of questioning, the secondary analysis of results of sociological quiz, studying of scientific literature on a research subject and also the analysis of statistical reporting of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia. The conducted research showed that problems of development of women's business in Russia, Kazakhstan and Belarus have mainly universal character. It connects with features of formation and development of the sector of small and medium business and also with modernization of economy. By results of a research authors made the conclusion that women's business in the countries of the Customs union is demanded as one of the most significant social processes. Women's business in Kazakhstan, Belarus and across Russia in general has the increasing dynamics where, according to gender statistics, the number of women among subjects of small and medium business approaches the number of men. The practical importance of a research consists in a possibility of use of data for regulation of state policy in the sphere of small and medium business, also for development of programs of support of women's business. Accounting of data of the real research in practice of the international interaction of enterprise structures is interesting.

Keywords

Women's business, gender equality, small and medium business, Customs union

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DOI

10.20310/1819-8813-2018-13-104-50-57

UDC

316.334

Pages

50-57

References

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Section of issue

Problems of Modern Society

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