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CRIMINAL-LEGAL PROBLEMS OF PROTECTION FROM ECOLOGICAL CRIMES: NOTION, GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS AND TYPES
The crimes against natural environment are considered. The content of ecological security in broad and narrow sense are revealed. The legal basis for ecological security provision is considered. Object, objective side, subjective side and subject of ecological crimes are described. The variant of their classification is proposed. The relevant problems of criminal law efficiency and right-implementing activity, connected with legislative formulation and ecological crimes classification are revealed. The description of subsumer of ecological crimes in native legislative literature is given. The conclusion is made that among main indices, showing efficiency of implemented ecological policy is struggle with ecological crimes, which must be done in the context of citizens’ rights for realization of good environment. The consequences of demographic, ecological, social type from crimes against ecology are given. The recommendations on situation improvement in sphere of ecological legislation are made. Normative legal acts accepted by international organizations with the aim of counteraction to ecological crimes are revealed. The attention is paid to explanations formulated in decision of Plenary Session of Supreme Court of Russian Federation “About use of the legislation by courts about responsibility for transgression in environment and nature use” and providing improvement in criminal-legal measures of ecological crimes counteraction.
преступления против экологической безопасности; общественная безопасность; преступность; экологические преступления; противодействие экологической преступности; УК РФ; crimes against ecological security; general security; crimes; ecological crimes; ecological crimes counteraction; Criminal Code of Russian Federation
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