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THE ROLE OF PERSUASION AND FAITH IN COGNITIVE ACTIVITY

Annotation

For a long period of time philosophers, thinking about the nature of knowledge’s proving, have been facing with the problem of the existence of such initial cases that cannot be founded. In fact, if some positions are founded and proved by others, those are proved by the following, thus we have to suppose the existence of such positions which do not require foundation but also are the initial point of this process. These initial positions were not described as based on proofs and arguments, but on the faith itself. The faith is considered as conviction in indefensible, as assurance in the things which cannot be possible but that is probable with the high degree of certainty. It can be said that the faith is the eyes of soul. The faith can help to understand the things which cannot be understood by sense. Thus, the faith does not reject the sense, but fills it. The period of time we live in is marked by complicated, complex processes. On the one hand, the population of our planet grows. The developed countries have the tendency to the increase in lifetime, scientific-technical revolution occurs, which let not only to ease our work, but to explore space, research the depth of universe. On the other hand, the mass destructions means grow in the world, the nature resources run out, our environment is polluted. At the moment the world has retracted from the Creator. We cannot consider some achievement in science, when others occur. How to avoid the catastrophe? It is considered that now we need the general conversion of people of science to moral values in their cognitive activity. Orthodox world view and true science are the two thing leading to cognition and worship of the Creator. Science deals with material world and knowledge, religion with spiritual world and faith.

Keywords

faith; science; spirituality; morality; Holy Scripture; God

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UDC

130.123+27

Pages

5-13

References

1. Barantsev R.G. Sinergetika v sovremennom estestvoznanii [Sinergy in a modern Natural Sciences]. Moscow, 2003. (In Russian). 2. Filosofskiy slovar [Philosophical dictionary]. Moscow, 1975. (In Russian). 3. Evangelie ot Matfeya [Gospel of Matthew], chapter 15, versicles 22–28. Available at: www.allbible.info (accessed 20.08.2016). 4. Saint John of Damascus. Tochnoe izlozhenie Pravoslavnoy Very [Exposition of the Orthodox faith]. Moscow, 2003. (In Russian). 5. Theophan the Recluse, holy hierarch. Pis'ma k raznym litsam o raznykh predmetakh very i zhizni [Letters to different people about different subject of faith]. Moscow, 1995. (In Russian). 6. Stepanov V.M. Simvol Very v estestvennykh naukakh [Symbol of belief in Natural Sciences]. Materialy konferentsii «Navstrechu 2000-letiyu Khristianstva» [Proceedings of conference “Towards 2000th anniversary of Christianity”]. Nizhny Novgorod, 1999. (In Russian). 7. Veynik A. Termodinamika real'nykh protsessov [Thermodynamics of real processes]. Minsk, 1991. (In Russian). 8. Evangelie ot Matfeya [Gospel of Matthew], chapter 24, versicle 14. Available at: www.allbible.info (accessed 20.08.2016). 9. Evangelie ot Luki [Gospel of Luke], chapter 21, versicle 33. Available at: www.allbible.info (accessed 20.08.2016).

Received

2016-09-28

Section of issue

Questions of theory and methodology

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