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The study of bureaucracy as a mechanism for managing the modern system of higher education is considered. Based on the analysis of literature sources, it is shown that the ideal type of bureaucracy described by M. Weber contains two opposite elements: bureaucratic and professional: discipline-based management and competence-based management do not always coincide and conflict to one another. It is proved that as a result of the bureaucratization of universities, the instructor was integrated into a rigid system of hierarchical relations, and his competence began to be determined not by real scientific and pedagogical achievements, but by the position in the system of the scientific and pedagogical hierarchy. The interrelation and consequences of bureaucratization of higher education with its massification and commercialization are shown. The consequences of the bureaucratization of the education system are considered: the low level of teachers’ salaries, the fall of their morale, the increase in apathy and alienation, reduction of students’ motivation, shifting the balance from the theory-practice dichotomy towards the theorizing of curricula to the detriment of their practical orientation. A conclusion that as a result of transformational processes instead of innovative model of education there is a hybrid which significantly developed bureaucratic aspects of the Soviet education system, diluted with ideas of domestic bureaucrats of the European office-work in education is made.


higher education system; higher education institution; bureaucracy; bureaucracy; management of higher education

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Modern russian society

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