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MEDICAL PUBLICISM IN RUSSIA AT THE END OF XIX - THE BEGINNING OF XX CENTURY: ETHICAL-AXIOLOGICAL COMPONENT

Annotation

The basic historical changes in moral values in Russian medicine in the XIX-XX centuries based on the analysis of artistic works of authors of the time are discussed. Structural basis of bioethical principles and norms of methodological framework of moral regulation in medicine are, first and foremost, of the highest moral values. If we consider the moral principles within medical science, the question whether there are differences between the moral values of society and medicine, and why is this phrase used in different industries, causes a difficulty, arises. This is often due to social changes or root fractures of collective consciousness, with its own disappointments, or changes in their views, but, above all, in the complexity and ambiguity of the question about the meaning and purpose of human life. The problem of meaning of life and death found a broad reflection in the texts of different genres: fiction, poetry, and academic philosophy, and religious works, and of free speculation. The modern world with its achievements in the fields of engineering, science and medicine, as a rapidly developing interdisciplinary research of the animal world, widely introduced the latest scientific and biomedical technologies, applied genetic engineering practices, etc., makes these questions sound different and expands the problem field of biomedical ethics.

Keywords

medicine; journalism; moral values; axiology; bioethics

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UDC

17.022.1+61

Pages

59-63

References

1. Loktionova Y.E. Aksiologiya, meditsina, publitsistika v Rossii kontsa XIX – nachala veka: tochki soprikosnoveniya [Axiology, medicine, journalism in Russia of the end XIX – the beginning of the XX century: points of contact]. Aktual'nye voprosy razvitiya sovremennogo obshchestva [Topical Issues of Development of Modern Society]. Kursk, South-West State University, CC «Universitetskaya kniga», 2016, pp. 168-171. (In Russian). 2. Aseeva I.A., Volokhova N.V. Russian tradition‘s singularity in modern bioethical studies. SGEM International Multidisdisciplinary Scientific Conferences on Social Sciences and Arts. Bulgaria; STEF92 Technology Ltd, 2014, pp. 679-685. (In Russian). 3. Volokhova N.V., Pakhomova O.A. O vazhnosti bioeticheskogo obespecheniya innovatsionnogo razvitiya biomeditsinskikh tekhnologiy [On importance of bioethical ensuring for innovation development in biomedical technologies]. Teoreticheskie i prikladnye aspekty sovremennoy nauki [Theoretical and Applied Aspects of Modern Science], 2014, no. 5-4, pp. 109-112. (In Russian). 4. Volokhova N.V. Etika zhizni i etika smerti (na materiale filosofskogo naslediya L.N. Tolstogo) [Ethics of life and ethics of death (based on the philosophical heritage L.N. Tolstoy)]. Problemy integratsii obrazovatel'nykh sistem Rossii i Belarusi v gumanitarnom khronotope postsovetskogo prostranstva [Problems of Integration of Educational Systems of Russia and Belarus in the Humanitarian Chronotope of the Post-Soviet Space]. Kursk, South-West State University, CC «Universitetskaya kniga», 2016, pp. 47-52. (In Russian). 5. Satretdinova A.Kh. Meditsina v proizvedeniyakh russkikh pisateley. Khrestomatiya dlya studentov meditsinskikh uchebnykh zavedeniy [Medicine in the Works of Russian Writers. Anthology for Students of Medical Educational Institutions]. Astrakhan, State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education Astrakhan State Medical Academy, 2009, 472 p. (In Russian). 6. Volokhova N.V. Problemy smerti v kontekste bioetiki (na osnove analiza filosofskogo naslediya L.N. Tolstogo) [The problem of death in the context of bioethics (based on the analysis of the philosophical heritage of L.N. Tolstoy)]. Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Ekonomika. Sotsiologiya. Menedzhment – Proceedings of South-West State University. Series Economy. Sociology. Management, 2015, no. 3 (16), pp. 161-166. (In Russian). 7. Bioetika: problema vzaimootnosheniya s biologiey, filosofiey, etikoy, psikhologiey, meditsinskoy deontologiey i pravom [Bioethics: the problem of relationship with biology, philosophy, ethics, psychology, medical deontology and law]. (In Russian). Available at: http://cool-referat.com (accessed 22.03.2017).

Received

2017-04-20

Section of issue

Applied researches

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