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SOCIO-CULTURAL APPROACH TO DISCOURSE STUDY

Annotation

Socio-cultural approach to cognitive-discursive activity of language speakers is analyzed. The scientific problem of representation of human beings as members of societies and cultures in language is defined within cognitive linguistics that gives insights into interpretive activity of language speakers from the point of view of cognitive and linguistic mechanisms of meaning-making. This approach is considered to be relevant for the typology of context of knowledge as a two-dimensional unity: context of collective knowledge and context of socio-cultural knowledge. They, in turn, are manifested via social and discourse practices that are activated by language speakers in the process of discourse construction. These contexts of knowledge as well as the practices are dependent on conceptual and thematic domains that reflect experience human beings possess. It is argued that socio-cultural specificity of discourse is revealed through contexts of knowledge. This claim rejects non-verbal basis of discourse construction. A fundamental role of individual and collective knowledge in the process of discourse processing is defined, as well as the idea of socio-cultural discourse specificity. Cognitive variation and the addressee-factor are exemplified. It is concluded that socio-cultural approach and the study of discourse outlines new perspectives in socio-cultural turn of cognitive linguistics.

Keywords

context of collective knowledge; context of socio-cultural knowledge; cognitive variation; socio-cultural discourse specificity; socio-cultural and discourse practices

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UDC

81’42

Pages

17-22

References

1. Boldyrev N.N. Funktsional'naya kategorizatsiya angliyskogo glagola: avtoref. dis. … d-ra filol. nauk. SPb., 1995. 2. Boldyrev N.N. O funktsional'no-semiolo-gicheskom podkhode k analizu yazykovykh edinits // Kognitivnaya lingvistika: sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy razvitiya. Tam-bov, 1998. Ch. 1. S. 116-119. 3. Kubryakova E.S. V poiskakh sushchnosti yazyka. Kognitivnye issledovaniya. M., 2012. 4. Boldyrev N.N. Otsenochnaya metareprezentatsiya: problemy izucheniya i opisaniya // Kognitivnye issledovaniya yazyka. 2009. Vyp. 5. S. 43-51. 5. Boldyrev N.N. Interpretatsionnyy potentsial kontseptual'noy metafory // Kognitivnye issledovaniya yazyka. 2013. Vyp. 15. S. 12-22. 6. Boldyrev N.N. Kontseptual'no-tematicheskie oblasti yazykovoy kartiny mira i ikh interpretiruyushchaya funktsiya // Kognitivnye issledovaniya yazyka. 2014. Vyp. 17. S. 33-39. 7. Pavilenis R.I. Problema smysla: sovremennyy logiko-filosofskiy analiz yazyka. M., 1983. 8. Boldyrev N.N. Yazykovye kategorii kak for-mat znaniya // Voprosy kognitivnoy lingvistiki. 2006. № 2. S. 5-22. 9. Boldyrev N.N. Interpretiruyushchaya funktsiya yazyka // Vestnik Chelyabinskogo gosudarstven-nogo universiteta. 2011. Vyp. 60. № 33 (248). S. 11-16.

Received

2015-10-29

Section of issue

Intercultural communication

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