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The interaction of geographical, cultural and sacred landscapes is considered. The concept “landscape” is analyzed and its interdisciplinary character is emphasized. It is proposed to divide the definition of phenomenon on the concept “theoretical models” and the concept of “real objects”. General description of natural and cultural landscapes is given, conventional boundaries to understand the essence of the concepts are expanded. A number of approaches to the study of a problem which allows to form a new view on the landscape as one of the factors of historical and cultural development of the territory is reviewed. The geo-landscape features as an integral territory are marked, uniting the natural and social-cultural systems. In this case, it acts as space where fixed anthropogenic and natural impacts in various forms, information about the processes of development and distribution is accumulated. Cultural content and specification of the processes in this space are largely determined by its natural features. Geo-landscape structure that combines natural and territorial, cultural and territorial subsystems is substantiated. It is affirmed that a special place in the structure occupies a sacred landscape that contains both natural and cultural elements and acts as the result of intellectual human impact on nature. It is concluded that the sacred landscape stabilizes the existence of geo-landscaping system in a historical perspective. A system model of geo-landscape structure that combines natural and geo-cultural subsystems is proposed, but the sacred landscape acts as an integration element of the subsystems into single geo-landscaping space.


landscape; geographical landscape; cultural landscape; sacred landscape; historical and cultural development

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Theory and history of culture

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