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CAUCASIAN ONOMATOLOGY IN GARIY NEMCHENKO’S PROSE AS A REFLECTION OF CONCEPT “CAUCASUS”

Annotation

The attempt of complex description of toponymic unit Caucasus in synchrony and diachrony is made taking into consideration the history of its making, consideration of toponym Caucasus in lexico-semantic aspect (with elements of historical comments). All these factors let reveal toponymic universal and unique elements, established by the complexity and peculiarity of cultural-historic development of this region of Russia. While giving the characteristics of modern state of linguistic and cognitive research a basic problem is orientation on the role which is given to toponymic units in conceptualization and categorization of the reality. The ways of concept Caucasus representation are revealed in individual-author discourse basing on the prose of G.L. Nemchenko, that let explicit the knowledge and ideas of author about Caucasus and reflects mental peculiarities of the author as language personality - the bearer of Russian culture. Representing national color being a characteristic feature for Caucasian peoples, G.L. Nemchenko uses Caucasian exotic vocabulary, including common names and proper names. Two categories of onyms are considered: antroponyms, which include real and not real onyms and toponyms which include choronyms, oykonyms, oronyms and hydronyms. The poly functionalism of proper names in works of the writer is founded. Firstly, they reflect cultural heritage of Caucasian peoples: specifics of every ethnos on the one hand and their spiritual unity on the other. Secondly, they represent the important process of ethnic language and ethnic cultural contact in the conditions of modern world. Thirdly, they are expressive mean of ideas of the writer. The cognition of the lexical unit Caucasus basing on the material of onomastic space of G.L. Nemchenko prose let reveal and compare the peculiarities of the image of Caucasus perception on Russian society and author’s consciousness.

Keywords

concept; toponyms; antroponyms; individual and author’s style; dialogue of cultures

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UDC

81’373.2

Pages

53-59

References

1. Svodnyy slovar' lichnykh imen narodov Severnogo Kavkaza [Summary dictionary of personal names of North Caucasus peoples], executive ed. R.Yu. Namitokova. Moscow, Flinta, Nauka Publ., 2012. 584 p. (In Russian). 2. Nemchenko G.L. Sobranie sochineniy: v 5 t. T. 4. Rasskazy [Collected edition: in 5 vols. V. 4. Short stories]. Moscow, Sovremennik Publ., 2000. 511 p. (In Russian). 3. Nemchenko G.L. Schastlivaya cherkeska [A happy Circassian]. Vladikavkaz, Ir Publ., 2008. 207 p. (In Russian). 4. Namitokova R.Yu., Abregov A.N. V mire imen sobstvennykh [In the world of personal names]. Maykop, ASU Publ., 1998. 116 p. (In Russian). 5. Nemchenko G.L. Gazyri: rasskazy, zapisi, stroki iz dnevnika [Cartridge belt sewn on a Circasian coat: short stories, notes and lines from the diary]. Maykop, Adygeya Republican Book Publ., 2006. 384 p. (In Russian). 6. Superanskaya A.V. Obshchaya teoriya imeni sobstvennogo [General theory of the proper name]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1973. 366 p. (In Russian). 7. Shadzhe A.Yu. Fenomen kavkazskoy identichnosti [Caucasian identity phenomenon]. Ocherki kavkazskoy kul'tury [Caucasian culture sketches], ed. A.V. Dmitriev. Maykop, ASU Publ., 2001, pp. 128-145. (In Russian). 8. Shcherbak A.S. Regional'naya onomastika v kognitivnom aspekte [Regional onomastics in cognitive aspect]. Tambov, TSU named after G.R. Derzhavin Publ., LLC “Tsentr-press”, 2008. 197 p. (In Russian). 9. Shcherbak A.S. Sposoby reprezentatsii antroponimicheskogo kontsepta [The means of antroponymic concept representation]. Kognitivnye issledovaniya yazyka. Vyp. 17. Aktual'nye problemy vzaimodeystviya myslitel'nykh i yazykovykh struktur [Cognitive researches of the language. Issue 17. Relevant problems of mental and language structures interaction]. Moscow, Institute of Linguistics RAS Publ., Tambov, Publishing House of Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin, 2014, pp. 459-463. (In Russian). 10. Shcherbak A.S. Reprezentatsiya kontseptual'noy kategorii vremya v regional'nom toponimikone [Represenation of conceptual category of time in regional toponymicon]. Kognitivnye issledovaniya yazyka. Vyp. 15: Mekhanizmy yazykovoy kognitsii: sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Cognitive researches of the language. Issue 15. Mechanisms of language cognition: a collection of scientific works], series ed. N.N. Boldyrev, executive ed. of the issue V.Z. Dem'jankov. Moscow, Tambov, Publishing House of Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin, 2013, pp. 143-148. (In Russian). 11. Shcherbak A.S., Kazankova A.A. Kontseptual'noe mirovospriyatie toponimicheskogo prostranstva Tambovskogo kraya (na primere Zherdevskogo rayona) [From the experience of studying of areal characteristics of oikonyms with dialect bases in comparison with areals of corresponding dialect lexical units]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Seriya Gumanitarnye nauki – Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities, 2013, no. 9 (125), pp. 243-248. (In Russian).

Received

2016-04-12

Section of issue

Onomastics

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