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The problems of correlation between concepts of units of language system, units of the text and text units that make up different types of communicative information. To the number of text units refer components which are different by meaning, form and function, among which special place is occupied by non-standard author’s innovations. The relevance of the study is determined by the relevance of the song texts as means of communication in the modern communicative space. In addition, through song texts language implements such an important function as accumulative, that allows speaking about preservation in the lyrics the historical memory of the people. The song is a special type of text that combines the general poetic traditions, it is a synthetic genre, which includes socio-cultural, linguo-cultural, political, historical, geographical, psychological, ethnic elements. Analysis of song texts showed that text units with patriotic semantics form their own subsystem, which consists of thematic groups of lexical units. According to the way of lexical expressions strict borders of these thematic units can be breaken by the penetration of new words in other thematic groups of vocabulary, which leads to the extension of their semantics and at the same time the extension of semantic fields. A distinctive feature of the text units with patriotic semantics is that they mostly stay in memory, are stable background knowledge, from them one often recognizes the lyrics.


text; song text; communication; vocabulary; text units with patriotic semantics

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81’42; 801.7




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