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ABOUT SOME METHODS OF F.M. DOSTOYEVSKY’S MYSTERY POETICS REALIZATION (BASING ON THE MATERIALS OF NOVELS “CRIME AND PUNISHMENT” AND “THE BROTHERS KARAMAZOV”)

Annotation

The notion “mystery” is one of the basic and favourite for F.M. Dostoyevsky. We can say, that F.M. Dostoyevsky himself as “biographic author” with all his creative work and as a human is still not studied, not understood, he is some kind of “great mystery”. He is called writer-prophet, and his prophesies are revealed step by step, through some historical period of time. Being not only the great writer, but also a great psychologist, philosopher, the expert of human’s soul, he wanted to study during all his life the depth of human’s soul, the secrets of his thoughts, feelings, emotions. The main topic of his creative work he defined as: “The human is a mystery, and it should be solved, and if you are going to solve it during all your life, do not tell that you lost your life. I study this mystery, as I want to be human”. I his first novel of the “Great Pentateuch” “Crime and Punishment” (1866) written after hard labour in exile, one of such deep mysteries is the soul of the main character Rodion Raskolnikov, who committed a hard crime - the murder for checking the theory. Since the creation of the time it is been 150 years, but the mystery of Raskolnikov’s soul both as the mystery of many other characters, including the latest, unfinished novel “The Brothers Karamazov” is still a mystery, despite this novel both as all his creative works are studied from all points. In the aspect of “mystery” some features of characteristics both of separate characters (Raskolnikov, Raskolnikov - Ivan Karamazov, Svidrigaylov - Dunya) are considered, and some other plotlines (Raskolnikov - the father of Raskolnikov, Svidrigaylov -Dunya). The specifics of mystery at F.M. Dostoyevsky is expressed through different methods for example understatement (specific, individual manner of writing) dream - reality, half-conscious state - half-sleep state - death of Svidrigaylov, the relations of Svidrigaylov and his wife, Svidrigaylov and Dunya, motive fulfilling of some significant characters, including the images of subjects (axe - hatchet) and etc.

Keywords

mystery; novel; plotlines; motive; semantic characteristics; subtext; understatement; dream; reality; images

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UDC

801.73

Pages

25-30

References

1. Dostoevskiy F.M. Sobranie sochineniy [Collected Works]. Moscow, Terra Publ., 1998. (In Russian).

Received

2017-02-17

Section of issue

Studies of literature

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