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History of the design of graphic elements on official documents until the beginning of the 20th century

Annotation

The aim of the study is to consider the history of the use of graphic elements in official documentation in Russia until the 20th century. The main graphic elements: seal, coat of arms and trademark are studied, the history of their emergence and development first in sphragistics and heraldry, and then their appearance in the official documentation are examined as well. The conclusion about the sequential appearance of graphic elements in the relationship between them is made.

Keywords

coat of arms, seal, emblem, trademark, paperwork

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UDC

651

Pages

350-356

References

1. Drachuk V.S. Rasskazyvayet geral’dika [Heraldry Speaks]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1977, 256 p. (In Russian). 2. Bespalova O.A. General’nyy Reglament 28 fevralya 1720 goda i ego rol’ v stanovlenii kollegial’nogo deloproizvodstva Rossii v XVIII veke [General Regulations of February 28, 1720 and its role in the formation of collegial paperwork in Russia in the 18th century]. Innovatsionnaya nauka – Innovation Science, 2015, no. 10-3, pp. 20-25. (In Russian). 3. Voznesenskaya I.A. Lichnyye pechati v Rossiyskoy imperii XVIII–XIX vv. (ottiski na deloproizvodstvennykh dokumentakh) [Personal seals in the Russian Empire in 18–19 centuries (imprints on clerical documents)]. Vestnik RGGU. Se-riya: Istoriya. Filosofiya. Kul’turologiya. Vostokovedeniye [Bulletin of Russian State University of Humanities. Series: History. Philosophy. Culturology. Oriental Studies], 2011, no. 12, pp. 236-244. (In Russian). 4. Vorodyukhin S.E. Stanovleniye i razvitiye instituta gerbovoy bumagi v Rossii v period pravleniya Petra I [Formation and development of the institute of stamped paper in Russia during the reign of Peter I]. Nauchnyye vedomosti Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Istoriya. Politologiya [Scientific journal of Belgorod State University. Series: History. Political Science], 2017, no. 15 (264), pp. 95-100. (In Russian). 5. Shirinkina N.M. Pravovoye oformleniye titula glavy gosudarstva, gosudarstvennoy simvoliki i regaliy v Osnovnykh gosudarstvennykh zakonakh Rossiyskoy imperii 1832–1906 gg. [Legal designation of the title of the head of state, state symbols and regalia in the Basic State Laws of the Russian Empire in 1832–1906]. Trudy instituta gosudarstva i prava Rossiyskoy akademii nauk [Works of the Institute of State and Law of the Russian Academy of Sciences], 2013, no. 5, pp. 206-214. (In Russian). 6. Ivanova E.G. Istoriya razvitiya ponyatiya tovarnogo znaka i ego funktsiy [History of the development of the concept of a trademark and its functions]. Yuridicheskaya nauka [Juridical Science], 2014, no. 3, pp. 48-51. (In Russian). 7. Orlov V.V. Kleyma – prototip tovarnogo znaka (iz istorii okhrany fabrichnykh kleym v Rossii) [Stamps – prototype of a trademark (from the history of protection of factory stamps in Russia)]. Birzha intellektual’noy sobstvennosti [Intellectual Property Stock], 2008, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 29-36. (In Russian).

Received

2022-02-14

Section of issue

Documentation, archival science

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