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The concept of Dasein as the basis of the anthropological interpretation of time in the philosophy of M. Heidegger

Annotation

The problem of time is considered within the framework of M. Heidegger’s social philosophy. Considerable attention is paid to the basic concept of the German thinker – Dasein, the meaning of this term and its essence are described in detail. The analysis of the phenomenon of horror as the main criterion for distinguishing the existence of a person from the existence of a thing, based on the teachings of the German philosopher, is given. The structure of time and its components: death and care are studied in detail. The conclusion is made about the specificity of M. Heidegger’s understanding of time expressed through the existentials “death” and “care”.

Keywords

M. Heidegger, time, being, man, horror, care

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UDC

165.62

Pages

526-532

References

1. Gaydenko P.P. Problema vremeni v ontologii M. Khaydeggera [The problem of time in M. Heidegger’s Ontology]. Voprosy filosofii – Voprosy Filosofii, 1965, no. 12, pp. 109-120. (In Russian). 2. Husserl E. Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologischen Philosophie. Husserliana. Den Haag, 1952, Bd. 4, 212 S. (In German). 3. Khaydegger M. Istok khudozhestvennogo tvoreniya [The Source of Artistic Creation]. Moscow, Academic project Publ., 2008, 526 p. (In Russian). 4. Dekart R. Razmyshleniya o pervoy filosofii, v koikh dokazyvayetsya sushchestvovaniye Boga i razlichiye mezhdu chelovecheskoy dushoy i telom [Reflections on the first philosophy, which proves the existence of God and the difference between the human soul and body]. In: Dekart R. Sochineniya: v 2 t. [Essays: in 2 vols.]. Moscow, Mysl Publ., 1994, vol. 2, 633 p. (In Russian). 5. Otto R. Svyashchennoye. Ob irratsional’nom v ideye bozhestvennogo i ego sootnoshenii s ratsional’nym [Sacred. On the Irrational in the Idea of the Divine and its Relation to the Rational]. St. Petersburg, Saint-Petersburg State University Publ., 2008, 274 p. (In Russian). 6. Kyerkegor S. Strakh i trepet [Fear and Awe]. Moscow, Respublika Publ., 1993, 488 p. (In Russian). 7. Kyerkegor S. Bolezn’ k smerti. [Illness to Death]. Moscow, Academic Project Publ., 2014, 160 p. (In Russian). 8. Heidegger M. Bytiye i vremya [Being and Time]. Moscow, Academic Project Publ., 2015, 460 p. (In Russian). 9. Gronden Z. Povorot v myshlenii Martina Khaydeggera [A Turn in Martin Heidegger's Thinking]. St. Petersburg, Russkiy Mir Publ., 2011, 249 p. (In Russian). 10. Heidegger M. Gesamtausgabe. II. Abteilung: Vorlesungen 1923–1944. Bd. 20: Prolegomena zur Geschichte des Zeitbegriffs. Frankfurt am Main, 1979, 458 S. (In German).

Received

2022-08-18

Section of issue

Philosophy

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