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Distilling as a factor of modernization of large-landlords economy in pre-revolutionary Russia

Annotation

The features of the production of vodka and spirits by large landlords on the territory of the Central Chernozem region and a number of adjacent counties in the late 19th – early 20th century are analyzed. State measures to support noble distilling are characterized as an important element of economic relations between landlords and peasants. These forms of support included, first of all, changes in taxation, as well as preferential lending to nobles. It is shown that the construction of new distilleries had a positive impact on the economy of private estates and the incomes of landlords, while at the same time having a negative impact on the way of life and standard of living of the peasant population, who got drunk and, as a result, worked worse on the land.

Keywords

landlord economy, distilling, rationalization, agriculture, Russian Empire, central Chernozem region

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UDC

93/94

Pages

227-232

References

1. Fedoseev R.V. (2016). Distillation in the structure of the nobleman’s farm of the middle volga region in the second half of the 19th – at the beginning of the 20th century. Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i yuridicheskie nauki, kul’turologiya i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki = Historical, Philosophical, Political and law Sciences, Culturology and Study of Art. Issues of Theory and Practice, no. 2 (64), pp. 198-202. (In Russ.) https://elibrary.ru/vjfovt 2. Anfimov A.M. (1969). Krupnoe pomeshchich’e khozyaistvo Evropeiskoi Rossii (konets XIX – nachalo XX veka) [Large Landlord Economy of European Russia (late 19th – early 20th century)]. Moscow, Nauka Publ, 394 p. (In Russ.) Available at: https://search.rsl.ru/ru/record/01007249764 3. Bekker S. (2004). Mif o russkom dvoryanstve: dvoryanstvo i privilegii poslednego perioda imperatorskoi Rossii [The Myth of the Russian Nobility: Nobility and Privileges of the Last Period of Imperial Russia]. Moscow, 346 p. (In Russ.) Available at: https://search.rsl.ru/ru/record/01002475730 4. Fridman M.I. (1916). Vinnaya monopoliya: v 2 t. [Wine Monopoly: in 2 vols.]. St. Petersburg, Pravda Publ., vol. 1, 627 p. (In Russ.) Available at: https://search.rsl.ru/ru/record/01004174752 5. Vainshtein A.L. (1924). Oblozhenie i platezhi krest’yanstva v dovoennoe i revolyutsionnoe vremya: (opyt statisticheskogo issledovaniya) [Taxation and Payments of the Peasantry in the pre-War and Revolutionary Times: (Experience of Statistical Research)]. Moscow, Ekonomist Publ., 157 p. (In Russ.) Available at: https://search.rsl.ru/ru/record/01003503453

Received

2023-02-07

Section of issue

Historical sciences

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